Les marchés des biens et services ont beaucoup changé au cours des 20 dernières années. Les réformes des régulations, les marchés internationaux, de nouvelles technologies, et un rôle plus proéminent des services dans l’activité économique – tout cela a servi de moteur à des changements bien souvent bénéfiques pour les consommateurs. La variété et la complexité accrue de nombreux marchés font qu’il est de plus en plus difficile de comparer et de déterminer la valeur des biens et services. Les défis auxquels font face les consommateurs ont créé des défis similaires pour les autorités gouvernementales chargées de les protéger contre la fraude et les pratiques commerciales injustes.
Cet ouvrage se penche sur l’évolution des marchés et donne un aperçu des améliorations possibles dans le domaine des politiques de consommation. Il étudie, pour la première fois, comment l’étude de l’économie du comportement est en train de transformer la manière dont les décideurs politiques abordent différents problèmes.
This conference focused on experiences with investment policy reforms, ways to achieve a better investment environment and the role of international investment agreements in ASEAN.
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G20 Leaders have committed to forego protectionism and have requested public reports on their adherence to this commitment. This fourth joint report by OECD, UNCTAD and WTO on G20 trade and investment measures covers the period from mid-May 2010 until mid-October 2010.
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G20 Leaders have committed to forego protectionism and have requested public reports on their adherence to this commitment. The fourth report by OECD and UNCTAD on investment and investment-related measures covers the period from 21 May 2010 to 15 October 2010.
The spectacular success of several well-known new ventures in technological fields, which in little more than a decade have jumped from the state of start-ups to that of top international businesses, has pointed to innovation as a key factor in the high growth of firms. These high-growth enterprises often drive job creation and innovation, so policy makers are increasingly making such companies a key focus. Specifically, how can government policy foster the creation of more high-growth enterprises; what are the growth factors, and how can they be leveraged; what are the appropriate ways to provide such support?
To help answer these questions, this report presents findings from two new research studies: (1) reports from 15 countries (Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland and Tunisia) that provide interesting insights into the operations of and challenges faced by high-growth enterprises; (2) a policy survey by the OECD Working Party on SMEs and Entrepreneurship, which reviewed more than 340 programmes that policy makers in 24 countries have put in place to support the growth of enterprises.
Some of this report’s findings may surprise: any firm can be a growth company; growth is almost always a temporary phase; high-growth small firms are funded mostly by debt, not equity. These and many more insights are summarised and analysed, providing policy makers with ideas on how to power growth at the firm level.
This investment policy review charts Indonesia’s progress in developing an effective policy framework to promote investment for development.
The Marche region is one of the most industrialised regions in Italy and is considered a region of excellence. This report provides advice on how to further strengthen and restructure the economy of the Marche region through the use of appropriate SME and entrepreneurship policies.
This assessment of Egypt's business climate identifies policy priorities and proposes specific reforms and actions to enable Egypt to achieve measurable improvements in its business climate.
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This report covers investment measures taken between 16 February and 15 September 2010. Information presented in this report has also been used for a joint report by WTO, OECD and UNCTAD, released on 4 November 2010, in response to the G20 Leaders' request for public reporting on their adherence to their trade and investment policy commitments.
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This document reproduces the Report by the Chair of the Annual Meeting of the National Contact Points (NCP) which was held in June 2010. This report reviews NCP activities as well as other implementation activities undertaken by adhering governments over the June 2009 - June 2010 period.