Reports


  • 19-octobre-2015

    Français

  • 16-October-2015

    English

    Russian Federation: Key Issues and Policies

    This publication examines the major policy challenges, achievements and next steps for the creation of a more entrepreneurial population and a stronger SME sector in the Russian Federation, which are critical to the country’s economic growth and diversification. Despite less regulatory burdens and more subsidy financing for start-ups, production modernisation, innovation and exporting, framework conditions need to be improved in areas such as the rule of law, commercialising science and improving entrepreneurial skills and education. Gaps in SME and entrepreneurship programmes also need to be filled, such as through new initiatives for high-growth firms and large firm-SME linkages. Strengthening business development services infrastructure and improving access to finance are further important challenges. All these improvements will need to be spread across the regions of the Russian Federation if national objectives for growth and balanced spatial development are to be met.

  • 7-October-2015

    English

    Creating Incentives for Greener Products - A Policy Manual for Eastern Partnership Countries

    The European Union’s Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine) struggle with environmental challenges related to the consumption and end-of-life management of many harmful products. This policy manual considers the potential use and implementation of four categories of product-related economic instruments to address some of these challenges: product taxes, tax differentiation based on environmental factors, deposit-refund systems and extended producer responsibility (EPR).

  • 6-October-2015

    English

    Data-Driven Innovation - Big Data for Growth and Well-Being

    Today, the generation and use of huge volumes of data are redefining our “intelligence” capacity and our social and economic landscapes, spurring new industries, processes and products, and creating significant competitive advantages. In this sense, data-driven innovation (DDI) has become a key pillar of 21st-century growth, with the potential to significantly enhance productivity, resource efficiency, economic competitiveness, and social well-being.

    Greater access to and use of data create a wide array of impacts and policy challenges, ranging from privacy and consumer protection to open access issues and measurement concerns, across public and private health, legal and science domains. This report aims to improve the evidence base on the role of DDI for promoting growth and well-being, and provide policy guidance on how to maximise the benefits of DDI and mitigate the associated economic and societal risks.

  • 16-septembre-2015

    Français

    Les partenariats public-privé en Tunisie

    Les partenariats public-privé (PPP) peuvent jouer un rôle important pour la croissance inclusive et durable en Tunisie. À cette fin, l'OCDE collabore le gouvernement de la Tunisie collabore opérationnaliser la loi des PPP qui devrait être bientôt rentrer en vigueur pour promouvoir la transparence, l'efficience et l'efficacité des dépenses publiques, et d'aider le gouvernement à atteindre ses objectifs en matière de politique publique.

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  • 11-septembre-2015

    Français, PDF, 1,627kb

    Cadre d'action pour l'investissement (2015)

    Le Cadre est un instrument qui propose une liste de questions importantes devant être examinées par tout pays soucieux de créer un environnement favorable à tous les types d’investissement et de faire en sorte que la société recueille davantage les fruits du développement. À cet égard, le Cadre vise à faire progresser la mise en oeuvre des Objectifs de développement durable et à mobiliser les financements au service du développement.

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  • 11-septembre-2015

    Français

    Cadre d'action pour l'investissement, édition 2015

    L’objectif du Cadre d’action pour l’investissement est de mobiliser l’investissement privé en faveur de la croissance économique et du développement durable, contribuant ainsi au bien-être économique et social des personnes dans le monde. Se basant sur des bonnes pratiques internationales, le Cadre propose des lignes directrices dans des domaines de politiques d’une importance critique pour améliorer la qualité de l’environnement favorable à l’investissement. Il encourage les décisionnaires à poser des questions pertinentes par rapport à leur économie, leurs institutions et la définition de l’action publique en vue de développer un ensemble de politiques effectif, et pour évaluer les progrès réalisés. Le Cadre, initialement développé en 2006, a été mis à jour en 2015 pour tenir compte des retours des nombreux utilisateurs du Cadre aux niveaux national et régional, ainsi que des changements dans le paysage économique mondial.

  • 7-September-2015

    English

    Capital flows and the OECD Code of Liberalisation of Capital Movements

    The Capital Movements Code provides a balanced framework for capital account openness. It is the only multilateral legal instrument with comprehensive coverage of capital movements. This includes inflows and outflows, long-term and short-term operations.

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  • 5-September-2015

    English

    Taxation of SMEs in OECD and G20 Countries

    Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) are important for their contribution to employment, innovation, economic growth and diversity. This report examines the tax treatment of SMEs, the case for SME preferences, and the use of tax preferences and simplification measures for SMEs in thirty-nine OECD and G20 countries. It finds that many of the tax systems examined provide incentives to incorporate and to distribute income in certain types of capital form. Ideally, taxes should be neutral with regard to the business decisions of SMEs, including decisions related to their creation, form and growth. However, certain features of the tax system may disproportionately affect SMEs, for example, the asymmetric treatment of profits and losses, a bias toward debt over corporate equity, and the higher fixed costs of tax and regulatory compliance for small businesses. This report recommends that measures designed to address these concerns be carefully targeted to affected firms and seek to avoid introducing further distortions and complexity.

  • 5-September-2015

    English, PDF, 168kb

    Cooperation on approaches to macro-prudential and capital flow management measures: Update by the IMF and the OECD

    Presented to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in September 2015, this document provides an update on progress in cooperation on respective approaches to measures that are both macro-prudential measures (MPMs) and capital flow management measures (CFMs).

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