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Publications & Documents


  • 23-April-2019

    English

    2019 Forum on responsible mineral supply chains

    23-26 April 2019 - This annual, multi-stakeholder forum provides the opportunity to review and discuss compliance and implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance, the ICGLR Regional Certification Mechanism and other initiatives to enable responsible mineral supply chains.

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  • 23-April-2019

    English

    OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas

    The Guidance provides recommendations for responsible mineral supply chains to help companies to respect human rights and avoid contributing to conflict through their mineral or metal purchasing decisions and practices.

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  • 15-April-2019

    English

    The contribution of international business investment to the Sustainable Development Goals

    The Addis Ababa Action Agenda recognises domestic and international private business as critical for the achievement of the SDGs. The OECD advises governments and business on actions they can take to ensure that these and other important development benefits of private business investment are fully realised.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    Launch of the 2019 OECD Scoreboard on Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs

    This year’s edition of the Scoreboard – the eighth in our flagship series – evaluates debt, equity, asset-based finance, and conditions for SME and entrepreneurship finance in 46 countries. It also provides an assessment of recent SME-related policy developments.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs 2019 - An OECD Scoreboard

    Sufficient and affordable access to different sources of finance is crucial to allow SMEs and entrepreneurs to reach their full potential. The 8th edition of the Scoreboard on SME and Entrepreneurship Finance report provides data from 46 countries around the world on debt finance, alternative finance instruments and financing conditions, as well as information on policy initiatives to improve their access to finance.In 2017, SME bank credit increased at a modest pace in many countries and declined in some others, in the context of broadly positive macroeconomic conditions, improvements in the business environment and accommodative credit conditions. In contrast, volumes were generally up for most other sources of finance relevant for SMEs and entrepreneurs, such as leasing, factoring, online alternative finance, and venture capital investments. At the same time, a growing share of SMEs relied on self-financing for their investment needs and cash flow requirements in 2017.The thematic chapter of this publication investigates the potential for SMEs to leverage their intangible assets to access external finance, especially debt.
  • 12-avril-2019

    Français

    Les PME se tournent vers les instruments de financement alternatifs, sur fond de ralentissement de la croissance du crédit bancaire

    Les petites et moyennes entreprises (PME) se tournent de plus en plus vers des sources de financement non bancaires, dans un contexte où, en dépit de conditions de crédit favorables et d’un environnement propice aux entreprises, l’activité de prêts bancaires aux PME a progressé moins vite que prévu.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    Local content requirements and their economic effect on shipbuilding: A quantitative assessment

    This study analyses two specific local content policies affecting directly or indirectly the shipbuilding industry in two countries: Brazil’s local content requirement as part of national concession contracts in the oil and gas sector, and the long-standing US Jones Act obliging intra-US seaborne trade to be conducted on US-built and US-flagged vessels.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    Ship recycling: An overview

    This report includes an overview of the ship recycling market with descriptive statistics on the determinants for the decision of ship-owners to demolish vessels, and elaborating on the main market players and the economics of ship recycling.

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  • 12-April-2019

    English

    An analysis of market-distorting factors in shipbuilding: The role of government interventions

    This report analyses market-distorting factors in the shipbuilding industry with a focus on government interventions. It argues that such interventions in this cyclical industry do more harm than good by exacerbating and prolonging economic downturns through two channels and seeks to provide policy makers with a better understanding of how different factors can contribute to excess capacity.

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  • 11-April-2019

    English

    Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Latvia

    Latvia, a member of the European Union since 2004, is a small, dynamic and open economy that has successfully transitioned from central planning to a market economy. The reforms undertaken have driven progress, although from generally low levels and at a slower pace in agriculture than for the economy as a whole. This report examines the conditions under which farms and businesses in the food and agriculture sector in Latvia undertake innovation to become more productive and environmentally sustainable. It identifies opportunities as well as challenges that need to be addressed. These include economy wide skills shortage, emigration and population decline and urban concentration of population and services. At the sectoral level, these include the use of agricultural payments to support a large number of non-commercial farms and the high level of unpaid farm labour. To meet these challenges, agricultural innovation can be harnessed to improve the sector’s productivity, as well as the sustainability and efficiency of the food system. This report provides a series of recommendations that should allow agricultural policies to contribute to a well-functioning innovation system that can meet the challenges that lie ahead.
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