À partir des dernières informations et indicateurs disponibles, cet ouvrage examine les principales tendances politiques et les performances des pays de l’OCDE et de grandes économies émergentes dans un certain nombre de domaines liés à la science et à l’innovation.
Entrepreneurship and the development of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) are key drivers of economic growth and job creation. The OECD review series on Boosting Local Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Creation, of which this study is a part, examines the capacity of local economies to support successful new enterprise creation and the growth of small enterprises.
English, PDF, 1,078kb
Governments are facing an increasing number of arbitration claims by foreign investors relating to important public policies or seeking substantial damages, and many governments are taking a greater joint interest in how such cases are resolved in investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS). This scoping paper has supported inter-governmental dialogue about ISDS at several OECD-hosted investment Roundtable meetings.
This workshop, held on 29 November 2012, aimed to bring together a wide range of stakeholders to exchange views on the way ahead for government policy for the shipbuilding industry.
English, PDF, 1,532kb
This survey of a sample of 1,660 bilateral investment treaties (BITs) identifies the main parameters of ISDS regulation in BITs; traces their emergence, frequency and dissemination over time; and highlights past and recent country-specific treaty practice.
Participants in this multi-stakeholder meeting took stock of how using the OECD Due Diligence Guidance assists companies to respect human rights and avoid contributing to conflict through their mineral or metal purchasing decisions and practices.
The capacity building seminar was based on an active exchange of experiences between the participants duly provided in advance. The strength of such a roundtable event lies in the discussion of these experiences in an interactive setting.
Depois de quase uma década de crescimento contínuo, o PIB na América Latina vai desacelerar de 4,4% em 2011, para 3,2% em 2012 e 4,0% em 2013. A perspetiva permanece relativamente positiva, mas está exposta à volatilidade e incerteza global.
Diverging patterns of business start-up rates are emerging across OECD economies five years after the sharp, synchronized falls recorded at the beginning of the financial crisis.
Start-up rates in OECD countries are slowly edging back to their pre-crisis levels, but not all countries have seen significant acceleration in new businesses, according to Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2012.