The effects of globalisation have been at the forefront of public debate in recent years, fuelled on the one hand by the large benefits of integrated markets, and on the other hand, by the detrimental adjustment effects often experienced by many economies as a result. Knowing how trade has been evolving over time and the role policy has played in this evolution are critical to understanding the globalisation debate and grasping the lessons for future policy development. The comparative advantage hypothesis has been suggested as one of the principal explanations of international trade and of the benefits associated with openness. It has also provided the intellectual underpinnings for most trade policy in the past 50 years. This book collects OECD work that builds on recent contributions to the theory and empirics of comparative advantage, putting particular emphasis on the role policy can play in shaping trade.
This study examines trends in and key features of policies and programmes used by governments to support innovation in the business sector.
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The report provides an in-depth analysis of what is being done, and what can be done, to mitigate tourism’s impact within the context of an expanding industry, as well as to adapt tourism to the changes that cli
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Cette brochure constitue un catalogue d’orientations à l’intention des pouvoirs publics et couvre la répartition des rôles, des risques et des responsabilités, les conditions d’un cadre institutionnel bénéfique et les arrangements contractuels susceptibles de permettre une coopération optimale pour la participation du secteur privé aux infrastructures de l'eau.
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Introduction à la publication: Infrastructures en eau et secteur privé : Guide de l’OCDE pour l’action publique.
This blogpost from the OECD Insights Blog sets out some of the main findings from the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011, including where scientific research is being done and what impact it has, how patents are tracking the impact of science and more.
Le Tableau de bord analyse un large éventail d’indicateurs de la science, de la technologie, de l’innovation et de la performance industrielle dans les pays de l’OCDE et dans de grands pays non membres
The quality of patent filings has fallen by 20% over the past two decades, as reported in this 2-minute video. Fall in quality reduces the potential for breakthrough inventions, says the OECD's Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011.
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Undertaken jointly by the OECD Tourism Committee and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), this report analyses policies and issues related to climate change adaptation and mitigation in the tourism sector.
This toolkit aims to provide a practical starting point for businesses around the world to improve the efficiency of their production processes and products enabling them to contribute to sustainable development and green growth.