Les marchés des biens et services ont beaucoup changé au cours des 20 dernières années. Les réformes des régulations, les marchés internationaux, de nouvelles technologies, et un rôle plus proéminent des services dans l’activité économique – tout cela a servi de moteur à des changements bien souvent bénéfiques pour les consommateurs. La variété et la complexité accrue de nombreux marchés font qu’il est de plus en plus difficile de comparer et de déterminer la valeur des biens et services. Les défis auxquels font face les consommateurs ont créé des défis similaires pour les autorités gouvernementales chargées de les protéger contre la fraude et les pratiques commerciales injustes.
Cet ouvrage se penche sur l’évolution des marchés et donne un aperçu des améliorations possibles dans le domaine des politiques de consommation. Il étudie, pour la première fois, comment l’étude de l’économie du comportement est en train de transformer la manière dont les décideurs politiques abordent différents problèmes.
Angel Gurría recalled the role played by the OECD Bologna Process and Charter and the "need to harness the potential of SMEs and entrepreneurs in the fight against unemployment, social exclusion and poverty" in his remarks to the “Bologna+10” High-level Meeting.
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The recent global crisis has heightened interest in entrepreneurship as an essential element to foster economic recovery and employment growth throughout the world. But, in order to understand and promote entrepreneurship, government analysts and policymakers require sound statistical indicators, preferably comparable across countries. The OECD-Eurostat Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme (EIP) develops measures of entrepreneurship
This issue of Statistics Brief presents some of the key entrepreneurship indicators developed by the OECD-Eurostat Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme, along with basic information on the methodologies for their collection, and explains the policy context for their use.
la Réunion à haut niveau ‘Bologne+10’ sur le thème « PME et entrepreneuriat : les enseignements de la crise mondiale et la voie à suivre pour créer des emplois et soutenir la croissance ».
This conference focused on experiences with investment policy reforms, ways to achieve a better investment environment and the role of international investment agreements in ASEAN.
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G20 Leaders have committed to forego protectionism and have requested public reports on their adherence to this commitment. This fourth joint report by OECD, UNCTAD and WTO on G20 trade and investment measures covers the period from mid-May 2010 until mid-October 2010.
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G20 Leaders have committed to forego protectionism and have requested public reports on their adherence to this commitment. The fourth report by OECD and UNCTAD on investment and investment-related measures covers the period from 21 May 2010 to 15 October 2010.
This launch event presented preliminary findings from an OECD report on sector competitiveness in Kazakhstan which suggest that Kazakhstan has a strong competitiveness and FDI potential in key non-energy sectors such as agri-business, fertilizers, logistics, business services and information technology.
The spectacular success of several well-known new ventures in technological fields, which in little more than a decade have jumped from the state of start-ups to that of top international businesses, has pointed to innovation as a key factor in the high growth of firms. These high-growth enterprises often drive job creation and innovation, so policy makers are increasingly making such companies a key focus. Specifically, how can government policy foster the creation of more high-growth enterprises; what are the growth factors, and how can they be leveraged; what are the appropriate ways to provide such support?
To help answer these questions, this report presents findings from two new research studies: (1) reports from 15 countries (Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland and Tunisia) that provide interesting insights into the operations of and challenges faced by high-growth enterprises; (2) a policy survey by the OECD Working Party on SMEs and Entrepreneurship, which reviewed more than 340 programmes that policy makers in 24 countries have put in place to support the growth of enterprises.
Some of this report’s findings may surprise: any firm can be a growth company; growth is almost always a temporary phase; high-growth small firms are funded mostly by debt, not equity. These and many more insights are summarised and analysed, providing policy makers with ideas on how to power growth at the firm level.