En Grèce, la levée de bon nombre des réglementations préjudiciables à la concurrence entre entreprises aurait des retombées positives tant pour les consommateurs, qui bénéficieraient de baisses de prix, que pour les entreprises, qui verraient leur chiffre d’affaires augmenter, selon l’OCDE.
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In the first half of 2016, global FDI flows decreased by 5%, as compared to the second half of 2015, to USD 793 billion but remain above half-year trends observed in 2013 and 2014. In Q1 2016, FDI flows rose to USD 513 billion due to large flows in the United States and, to a lesser extent, in the United Kingdom after Royal Dutch Shell bought British Gas. FDI flows then decreased 46% to USD 279 billion in the second quarter.
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Korea has undertaken reforms to stimulate entrepreneurship and improve SME efficiency, but further efforts are needed to foster a more entrepreneurial culture and develop market-based financing for innovative and growth-oriented start-ups and SMEs.
For over 50 years, the Code has provided a balanced framework for countries to progressively remove unnecessary barriers to the movement of capital, while providing flexibility to cope with situations of economic and financial instability. In March 2016, adhering countries adopted terms of reference for a review of the Code with a view to strengthening it and ensuring its continued relevance.
Le PIB de l’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes (ALC) reculera de 0.9 à 1 % en 2016, selon les dernières estimations. Il s’agit de la deuxième année consécutive de croissance négative, avec un taux de contraction qui n’a pas été relevé dans la région depuis le début des années 1980.
After decades of innovation, satellites now play a discrete but pivotal role in the efficient functioning of modern societies and their economic development. This publication provides the findings from a OECD Space Forum project on the state of innovation in the space sector, with a view to examine how space innovation may impact the larger economy. New analysis and indicators contribute to answering some of the following questions: is the space sector still a driver for innovation in the 21st century? What are the determinants for an innovative space sector? And what are the policy responses to encourage and harness better space-related innovation?
Since the beginning of China’s economic transformation in the early 1970s, investment has been a key driver of China’s growth and has contributed to substantial improvements in living standards. Over three decades of average annual GDP growth of 10%, disposable incomes have soared, lifting hundreds of millions of people out of extreme poverty. The share of the population living in extreme poverty has declined from above 90% in the early 1980s to less than 10% today. However, this growth model is no longer sustainable. Returns on investment have declined, although they are still higher than those of the Asian Tigers. Excess capacity is plaguing several sectors, and negative externalities have been onerous, notably in terms of environmental degradation and income inequality. A key objective of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) is therefore to move the economy towards a path of more balanced, sustainable and inclusive growth.
The Guidance provides recommendations for responsible mineral supply chains to help companies to respect human rights and avoid contributing to conflict through their mineral or metal purchasing decisions and practices.
Co-organised by the OECD and the German Federal Ministry of Finance, the seminar will focus on the policy implications of the increasingly interconnected global financial and economic system and the need for an open and orderly regime for capital flows in the context of the review of the OECD Code of Liberalisation of Capital Movements.
Start-ups are gaining momentum in Latin America. Start-up Latin America 2016: Building an innovative future reviews the dynamics of start-ups and the policies for start-up promotion in four countries in the region – Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru. The report reviews the policy mix for start-up promotion and highlights the progress made by each country and future challenges. It identifies good practices in promoting start-ups and lessons learned in Latin America in the design and implementation of policies.