Le scandale alimentaire de la viande de cheval dans les plats préparés, qui a récemment agité tout le continent européen, a mis en évidence la complexité et le manque de transparence de notre chaîne alimentaire mais aussi, et surtout, les limites du droit européen de l’alimentation.
La cinquième édition du Forum, qui aura lieu le 31 mai 2013 à Paris, posera la question de comment les gouvernements peuvent engager des réformes en faveur d’une compétitivité améliorée, en particulier à travers l’inclusion des PMEs dans une structure productive et économique.
Recent studies have shown that knowledge-based capital (KBC) is an important source of economic growth in many of the world’s advanced economies (much more so than R&D alone) and is positively correlated with real GDP per capita in a cross-section of these economies. This literature is still in its infancy and there is, as yet, no systematic discussion of KBC policy. This working paper makes an attempt to fill this gap.
China is increasingly interested in further advancing its investment co-operation with the OECD. This is in large part due to the fact that China wants to attract more "quality" foreign direct investment (FDI) from OECD-based companies and the perception that the OECD could provide useful best policy practices and experiences for China.
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This paper examines China’s investment policy since the publication of the 2008 OECD Investment Policy Review of China and recommends that the Chinese government continue its efforts to liberalise and increase the transparency and predictability of the framework for both inward and outward FDI. OECD Working Papers on International Investment - No. 2013/1.
Now all governments realise why SMEs and entrepreneurship matter: because they are the sources of new jobs.
High-growth firms, i.e. enterprises that grow rapidly over a short period of time, have drawn the attention of policy makers because of the large number of jobs they create. While it is uncontested that high-growth firms account for most job creation, there are fewer certainties about the features and characteristics of these enterprises or on how best they can be promoted by policy.
Participants in this multi-stakeholder meeting launched the Gold Implementation programme and advanced implementation of due diligence in the 3Ts supply chain to ensure that companies avoid contributing to conflict through their mineral or metal purchasing decisions and practices.
During the past decade, the Mexican government has put into place a strong policy framework for the promotion of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and entrepreneurship. It has created a sequence of policy support running from the development of new entrepreneurs, micro-enterprises, SMEs and gazelles to the stimulation of linkages between SMEs and so-called 'tractor' firms. New co-ordination arrangements have also been created across government ministries and among national and state governments to increase the coherence and integration of their programmes. This publication takes stock of this progress and assesses the opportunities for further strengthening of the Mexican economy through SMEs and entrepreneurship. It shows that the framework conditions are generally good in Mexico, and have improved in recent years thanks to reforms such as regulatory simplification, the expansion of the national loan guarantee programme, and the inclusion of the micro-enterprise sector as a target of the public support system. At the same time, more can be done to shift entrepreneurs into the formal business sector and to develop more medium-sized companies able to innovate and trade internationally. There is also scope to improve the process of delivering the highest quality and most relevant policy support to beneficiary enterprises by simplifying the rules and operations of the SME Fund, developing the professional capacities of the staff and consultants who provide business development services and using available company-level data for the purposes of policy evaluation.
The workshop is for policy makers and practitioners who are interested in commissioning and managing evaluations of business development programmes.