Industrie et entrepreneuriat

Measuring the Digital Transformation

A Roadmap for the Future

Published on March 11, 2019

Also available in: Spanish

Measuring the Digital Transformation: A Roadmap for the Future provides new insights into the state of the digital transformation by mapping indicators across a range of areas – from education and innovation, to trade and economic and social outcomes – against current digital policy issues, as presented in Going Digital: Shaping Policies, Improving Lives. In so doing, it identifies gaps in the current measurement framework, assesses progress made towards filling these gaps and sets-out a forward-looking measurement roadmap. The goal is to expand the evidence base, as a means to lay the ground for more robust policies for growth and well-being in the digital era.

SUMMARIESavailable in 10 languages

English Measuring the Digital Transformation (Summary in English)
French Mesurer la transformation numérique
Spanish Cómo medir la transformación digital
German Den digitalen Wandel vermessen:
Japanese デジタル転換を測る
Italian Misurare la trasformazione digitale
Chinese 衡量数字变革
Korean 디지털 전환의 측정
Portuguese Avaliação da Transformação Digital
Russian Измерение цифровой трансформации


Reader’s Guide
Executive Summary
A Measurement Roadmap for the Future
Data Sources
Trends in the Digital Era2 chapters available
Technology trends
Digital transformations
Growth and Well-being11 chapters available
Information industries
The demand for information industries’ products
Value added and jobs
Trade in digital products
Well-being and the digital transformation
Digital natives
Digital transformation and health
Roadmap: Digital intensity, a taxonomy of sectors
Roadmap: Well-being in the digital age
Roadmap: The digital transformation and economic statistics
Enhancing Access7 chapters available
Mobile connectivity
Internet infrastructure
Universal access
Roadmap: Measuring the Internet of Things
Roadmap: Measuring broadband quality
Increasing Effective Use9 chapters available
User sophistication
Business capabilities
Enablers of effective use
Roadmap: Measuring e-commerce
Roadmap: Measuring cloud computing services
Roadmap: The potential of survey micro-data
Unleashing Innovation8 chapters available
Knowledge base
Science and digitalisation
Innovative outputs
Market entry
Open government data
Roadmap: The digitalisation of science
Roadmap: Measuring open source software
Roadmap: The Internet as a source for statistical data
Ensuring Good Jobs for All7 chapters available
Employment dynamics
ICT skills in the workplace
Education and training
Roadmap: Platform-mediated workers
Roadmap: E-skills
Promoting Social Prosperity7 chapters available
Digital inclusion
Skills in the digital era
Daily life
Downsides to the digital transformation
Digital transformation and the environment
Roadmap: Online platforms
Roadmap: Measuring digital government maturity
Strengthening Trust7 chapters available
Digital security
Online privacy
Skills for managing digital security risks and privacy
E-consumer trust
Online social networks
Roadmap: Digital security in businesses
Roadmap: Measuring individuals’ trust in online environments
Fostering Market Openness7 chapters available
Global value chains
Measures affecting trade in goods
Measures affecting trade in services
Technology across borders
Roadmap: Measuring digital trade
Roadmap: Measuring data and data flows
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the measurement roadmap

The measurement work undertaken in the OECD Going Digital project has led to a set of nine proposed actions that, if prioritised and implemented, would substantially advance the capacity of countries to monitor the digital transformation and its impacts.

  • Make the digital transformation visible in economic statistics
  • Understand the economic impacts of digital transformation
  • Measure well-being in the digital age
  • Design new approaches to data collection


Five of the actions are targeted to specific areas identified as requiring attention:

  • Monitor transformative technologies (notably the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and blockchain).
  • Make sense of data and data flows
  • Define and measure the skills needed in the digital era
  • Measure trust in online environments
  • Assess governments’ digital strengths


By further building the evidence base, countries can prepare the ground for more robust policies to promote growth and well-being in the digital era. Action now will reap rewards in the future.

Download the measurement roadmap
 (also available in Chinese, GermanJapanese, Portuguese) and selected in-depth thematic roadmaps:


Growth and well-being
Enhancing access
Increasing effective use
Unleashing innovation
Ensuring good jobs for all
Promoting social prosperity
Strengthening trust
  Fostering market openness


interactive charts

The digital transformation is a multifaceted and fast-moving phenomenon that has significant impacts, including on the business processes and models of firms. As a result, the pace of technology uptake will depend, among other factors, on the type of sector in which a given firm operates. While no single indicator is able to reflect the pace of technology development and diffusion, combining indicators can provide insights into how different sectors, are positioned in terms of technology adoption. Industries can then be classified into quartiles from most to least digital intensive which allows cross-country comparisons across a number of dimensions by digital intensity of sectors.

Going digital toolkit

A smaller set of indicators for the OECD Going Digital policy dimensions has been selected for visualisation and international comparisons in the Going Digital Toolkit.

The Toolkit also provides easy access to additional indicators from the publication and the underlying data and databases, as well as related publications, policy guidance and more.


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