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At the request of the G20, this report analyses the nature of the stock of protectionist measures introduced since the global financial crisis and their impact on trade and investment.
This Global Forum is held to strengthen international dialogue on responsible business conduct and provide a platform to exchange views on how to do well while doing no harm in an effort to contribute to sustainable development and enduring social progress. The 2015 Global Forum will focus on showcasing concrete examples of action and results-oriented solutions from efforts on the ground.
Chile's Foreign Investment Committee (CIEChile) and the OECD are partnering to improve CIEChile's role as an investment promotion agency, enabling the country to attract more and better investment.
International investment spurs prosperity and economic development in home and recipient countries. Policy coordination helps governments resist protectionist pressures and develop effective policies. The OECD's Freedom of Investment process brings together some 54 governments from around the world to exchange information and experiences on investment policies at regular roundtables.
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This report by OECD and UNCTAD compiles G20 investment measures taken between 2 April 2009 and 15 May 2015.
Investment Insights publishes original research and analysis on current international investment issues. Articles are published under the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the OECD or those of its member governments.
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Protectionism and local content requirements are holding back investment in clean energy and thus undermining the fight against climate change. This Investment Insights puts forward policy options for mobilising investment in clean energy and restoring order and confidence in international markets.
The perceived potential of clean energy to support employment in the post-crisis recovery context has led several OECD and emerging economies to design green industrial policies aimed at protecting domestic manufacturers, notably through local-content requirements (LCRs). These typically require solar or wind developers to source a specific share of jobs, components or costs locally. Such requirements have been designed or implemented in the solar- and wind-energy sectors in at least 21 countries, including 16 OECD countries and emerging economies, mostly since 2009.
Empirical evidence gathered in this report shows however that LCRs have actually hindered international investment across the solar PV and wind-energy value chains, by increasing the cost of inputs for downstream activities. This report also takes stock of other measures that can restrict international investment in solar PV and wind energy, such as trade remedies and technical barriers. This report provides policy makers with evidence-based analysis to guide their decisions in designing clean-energy support policies.
As the demand for food increases, agriculture will continue to attract investment and new actors may be confronted with ethical dilemmas and find it difficult to implement responsible business conduct in their practices. In this context the OECD and the FAO are working together to develop due diligence guidance to help enterprises observe existing widely-supported standards for RBC along agricultural supply chains.
Le Cadre d’action pour l’investissement mobilise l’investissement privé en faveur de la croissance économique et du développement durable, contribuant ainsi au bien-être économique et social des personnes dans le monde. Il vise également à faire avancer la mise en oeuvre des Objectifs du Développement Durable et à contribuer à mobiliser du financement pour le développement en appui de l’agenda post-2015.