Why do financial markets see so little risk, while companies that invest in the real economy appear to be much more prudent? How will we fund future pensions when interest on the products that finance them are so low? Where will the trillions of dollars needed to improve and extend infrastructures come from? How should international capital flows be regulated? These and other challenges are discussed in this collection of expert opinions on the social, economic and policy perspectives facing international investors, governments, businesses, and citizens worldwide.
Most investment treaties do not expressly address joint interpretations and thus leave the issue to more general rules. This paper addresses the general legal framework applicable to joint agreements by treaty parties about the interpretation of treaties. It outlines key concepts and distinctions, and considers effects on third parties.
International investment spurs prosperity and economic development in home and recipient countries. Policy coordination helps governments resist protectionist pressures and develop effective policies. The OECD's Freedom of Investment process brings together some 54 governments from around the world to exchange information and experiences on investment policies at regular roundtables.
Cette publication fournit aux gouvernements des conseils sur les options politiques qui sont disponibles pour tirer le meilleur parti des opportunités d'investissement privé dans une infrastructures énergétique propre, appuyant sur l'expertise des communautés du climat et de l'investissement, entre autres. Elle propose aux décideurs une liste de questions à prendre en considération, notamment dans les domaines suivants : politique d’investissement, promotion et facilitation de l’investissement, politique de la concurrence, marchés financiers et gouvernance publique. D' autres questions transversales sont également abordées, comme la coopération régionale et le commerce international pour les investissements dans les énergies propres.
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For over 50 years, the OECD Code of Liberalisation of Capital Movements (the Code) has provided a balanced framework for countries to progressively remove unnecessary barriers to the movement of capital, while providing flexibility to cope with situations of economic and financial instability. This brochure outlines the various aspects of this Code.
This multi-stakeholder forum provides the opportunity to review and discuss implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance and the ICGLR Regional Certification Mechanism. Issues pertinent to the tin, tantalum and tungsten (3Ts) and gold supply chains.
When companies involve stakeholders, such as local communities, in their decision making, it enables them to identify, and account for the impacts of their activities, and contribute to positive social and economic development. To address the challenges raised when engaging with stakeholders, the OECD is preparing a user guide on how to undertake due diligence in engaging with stakeholders for mining, oil and gas enterprises.
As the demand for food increases, agriculture will continue to attract investment and new actors may be confronted with ethical dilemmas and find it difficult to implement responsible business conduct in their practices. In this context the OECD and the FAO are working together to develop due diligence guidance to help enterprises observe existing widely-supported standards for RBC along agricultural supply chains.
Everybody is interested in the impacts of what companies are doing and the environmental practices and impacts of doing business are coming under increasing scrutiny. OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría looks at how both governments and investors are ready to scale up climate disclosure and the use of climate information.
Corporate climate change disclosure is crucial for providing decision-makers with information that will enable them to integrate climate considerations into their analyses. This side event to the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties will focus on ways to strengthen corporate climate disclosure frameworks, and to scale up the use of corporate climate change-related information.