The OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy offer a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of individual OECD countries and partner economies, focusing on the role of government. They provide concrete recommendations on how to improve policies that affect innovation performance, including R&D policies. Each review identifies good practices from which other countries can learn.
Presentations and main topics discussed at the 81st Session of the Steel Committee held in Paris, 8 September 2016.
The report is intended to contribute to the implementation of policies in a post-conflict Libya to promote private sector development. The report analyses the structural economic and framework conditions prevalent in Libya, highlights potential drivers of development and considers the role of SMEs and entrepreneurship promotion in driving post-conflict recovery. Based on international experience and practices, and considering the context of the country, the report identifies the necessary legal frameworks, institutions and policies for the promotion of SME and entrepreneurship. The document is part of a wider MENA Transition Fund project to support the design and implementation of SME policies in Libya.
In this working paper estimates of emissions embodied in final demand and in international trade were generated to contribute to a better understanding of how CO2 emissions around the world are driven by global consumption patterns. After explaining the methodology in detail, some general results are described and examples given of how to use and interpret the derived indicators.
Quatre décennies après leur adoption, les Principes directeurs de l’OCDE à l’intention des entreprises multinationales sont plus utiles que jamais pour faire en sorte que les entreprises adoptent un comportement responsable, où qu’elles opèrent.
Le monde a vu plus d’une révolution industrielle, et nous en vivons déjà une nouvelle. Accueillons-la avec optimisme.
This project is part of a series of rapid policy assessment projects on inclusive entrepreneurship policies and programmes that are conducted by the Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in collaboration with the Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion of the European Commission.
National intellectual property (IP) systems can play a pivotal role in fostering innovation and knowledge diffusion. This report analyses Kazakhstan’s IP system with regards to its support of the country’s innovation performance. In particular, it assesses the organisation and governance of Kazakhstan's IP system as well as the needs and challenges faced by different groups of actual and potential IP users – ranging from universities and public research institutions to state-owned enterprises and small businesses. The review provides a comprehensive set of statistics describing the use of IP in Kazakhstan in recent years, identifies the system’s strengths and weaknesses, and presents a range of specific policy recommendations to address existing challenges.
Les économies avancées restent engluées dans la crise. Les revenus progressent très lentement, surtout dans la moitié inférieure de la distribution. Deux tendances mondiales, le ralentissement de la productivité et le creusement des inégalités, reflètent l’état de l’action publique, et soulignent les défis auxquels sont confrontés les décideurs pour infléchir les perspectives offertes à leurs citoyens et à l’économie mondiale.
With the emergence of global value chains (GVCs), production processes are increasingly fragmented and dispersed across different countries. Although many MNEs still exhibit an important ‘home bias’ in their global innovation activities, a growing number of firms have offshored R&D and innovative activities to foreign locations.