Chairman's statement of the OECD Steel Committee's 78th session, Paris, 11-12 May 2015.
Innovation and creativity have long been hallmarks of the Czech Republic. After all, this is the country that invented the term “robot”, when Czech writer, Karel Čapek, coined the word back in 1921.
Productivity is a key source of economic growth and competitiveness. The OECD Compendium of Productivity Indicators 2015 presents a comprehensive overview of recent and longer term trends in productivity levels and growth in OECD countries. It also highlights key measurement issues faced when compiling cross-country comparable productivity indicators.
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Seven years after the global financial crisis, lending to US small businesses is still below the precrisis levels and credit conditions remain tight for many of these firms. A more diversified set of options for SME financing should continue to be pursued to support long-term investment and reverse the trend decline in the number of start-ups.
Volume II of this series compiles the science-based consensus documents of the OECD Task Force for the Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds from 2009 to 2014. They contain information for use during the regulatory assessment of food/feed products of modern biotechnology, i.e. developed from transgenic crops. Relevant information includes compositional considerations (nutrients, anti-nutrients, toxicants, allergens), use of the plant
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The informal economy has proven an enduring problem in the developing world as much as in advanced economies such as those of the European Union. This Policy Brief was prepared by the LEED Programme of the OECD with the financial support of the European Commission, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion.
Small and medium-sized enterprises are crucial for tracing new paths to more sustainable and inclusive growth, thanks to their role in providing employment. In the OECD area, SMEs provide the main source of employment and value creation, accounting for about 60 to 70% of employment and more than 50% of value added.
This fourth edition monitors SMEs’ and entrepreneurs’ access to finance in 34 countries over the period 2007-13, across an expanded array of indicators, including debt, equity, asset-based finance and framework conditions. These are complemented by an overview of recent developments in public and private initiatives to support SME finance, and a special focus on non-performing loans. The report aims to provide a comprehensive
Les petites et moyennes entreprises (PME) jouent un rôle fondamental pour la croissance inclusive et l’emploi mais il est indispensable d’élargir leurs sources de financement pour réduire la vulnérabilité des PME face à la volatilité du marché du crédit, selon deux nouveaux rapports de l'OCDE.
Climate change and, more generally, environmental damage have quantifiable economic and health costs, which weigh on long-term growth and well-being. If left unchecked, climate change is projected to decrease global GDP by 0.7 to 2.5 % by 2060. At the same time, the costs to society of air pollution already appear substantial–equivalent to some 4% of GDP across OECD countries and even higher in some rapidly developing economies.