By Date


  • 7-October-2015

    English

    Creating Incentives for Greener Products - A Policy Manual for Eastern Partnership Countries

    The European Union’s Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine) struggle with environmental challenges related to the consumption and end-of-life management of many harmful products. This policy manual considers the potential use and implementation of four categories of product-related economic instruments to address some of these challenges: product taxes, tax differentiation based on environmental factors, deposit-refund systems and extended producer responsibility (EPR).

  • 6-October-2015

    English

    Data-Driven Innovation - Big Data for Growth and Well-Being

    Today, the generation and use of huge volumes of data are redefining our “intelligence” capacity and our social and economic landscapes, spurring new industries, processes and products, and creating significant competitive advantages. In this sense, data-driven innovation (DDI) has become a key pillar of 21st-century growth, with the potential to significantly enhance productivity, resource efficiency, economic competitiveness, and social well-being.

    Greater access to and use of data create a wide array of impacts and policy challenges, ranging from privacy and consumer protection to open access issues and measurement concerns, across public and private health, legal and science domains. This report aims to improve the evidence base on the role of DDI for promoting growth and well-being, and provide policy guidance on how to maximise the benefits of DDI and mitigate the associated economic and societal risks.

  • 29-September-2015

    English

    Women taking risks: closing the gender gap in entrepreneurship

    Women entrepreneurship is increasingly recognised as a key source of employment creation and innovation, and for addressing inequalities.

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  • 21-September-2015

    English

    Critical Minerals Today and in 2030: An Analysis for OECD Countries - Environment Working Paper

    Raw materials are essential for the global economy and future development depends on their continued supply. Like fossil fuels, minerals are non-renewable. In general, their deposits in the Earth’s crust are also geographically clustered, making security of supply a potential risk. The purpose of this report is to perform for the first time an analysis of critical minerals for the OECD countries as a whole.

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  • 9-septembre-2015

    Français

    Placer les entreprises devant leurs responsabilités

    La responsabilité sociale des entreprises vient de franchir un cap important avec le lancement d’un nouveau cadre de notification. Les entreprises n’ont désormais plus aucune excuse pour éviter de s’expliquer sur la manière dont elles remplissent leurs obligations en matière de droits de l’homme.

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  • 5-September-2015

    English

    Taxation of SMEs in OECD and G20 Countries

    Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) are important for their contribution to employment, innovation, economic growth and diversity. This report examines the tax treatment of SMEs, the case for SME preferences, and the use of tax preferences and simplification measures for SMEs in thirty-nine OECD and G20 countries. It finds that many of the tax systems examined provide incentives to incorporate and to distribute income in certain types of capital form. Ideally, taxes should be neutral with regard to the business decisions of SMEs, including decisions related to their creation, form and growth. However, certain features of the tax system may disproportionately affect SMEs, for example, the asymmetric treatment of profits and losses, a bias toward debt over corporate equity, and the higher fixed costs of tax and regulatory compliance for small businesses. This report recommends that measures designed to address these concerns be carefully targeted to affected firms and seek to avoid introducing further distortions and complexity.

  • 5-September-2015

    English

    Tax systems to support creation and success of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs)

    SMEs form the vast majority of businesses in most countries and contribute strongly to employment and economic growth, but they face particular challenges, particularly as concerns access to finance. Governments have a range of policy levers, including tax policies, that can and should be used to support the growth and development of SMEs, according to a new OECD report.

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  • 5-août-2015

    Français

    Les taux de création d’entreprises continuent de se redresser mais restent relativement faibles dans la zone euro

    Les taux de création d’entreprises sont en augmentation depuis la crise dans les pays de l’OCDE – en particulier en Australie et au Royaume Uni – mais ils demeurent inférieurs à leurs niveaux d’avant 2008 dans de nombreuses économies de la zone euro.

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  • 22-juillet-2015

    Français

    Podium : La République tchèque et la quatrième révolution industrielle

    La République tchèque se distingue depuis longtemps par sa capacité d’innovation et sa créativité. Après tout, elle est la patrie de l’écrivain Karel Čapek, qui a inventé le mot « robot » en 1921. Soixante-dix ans plus tard, Jan et Zdenak Sverak définissaient la créativité tchèque dans leur film L’École élémentaire, nominé aux Oscars, à travers le personnage du bricoleur sachant tout faire, tout réparer.

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  • 17-juillet-2015

    Français

    Pallier la pénurie d'entrepreneurs 2014 - Politiques d'entrepreneuriat inclusif en Europe

    Pallier la pénurie d'entrepreneurs 2014 est la seconde édition de la série de rapports annuels qui fournissent des données et une analyse des politiques sur l’entreprenariat inclusif, et de ses obstacles, ciblés sur les groupes sociaux à travers les pays de l’Union européenne. L’entreprenariat inclusif implique le marché des start-ups et le travail indépendant qui contribuent à la croissance économique et à l’inclusion sociale – notamment pour les jeunes, les femmes, les seniors, les immigrés et les chômeurs. En plus d’inspirer les pratiques pour les politiques publics, cette publication contient des chapitres thématiques spéciaux sur l’entreprenariat des minorités ethniques,  des systèmes de sécurité sociale pro-entreprenariat et du soutien de l’entreprenariat pour les chômeurs.

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