OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Hungary


Table of contents | How to obtain this publication

ISBN 978-92-64-05404-9
Published October 2008
Pages: 228

How are a country’s achievements in innovation defined and measured, and how do they relate to economic performance? What are the major features, strengths and weaknesses of a nation’s innovation system? How can government foster innovation?

The OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy offer a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of individual OECD member and non-member countries, focusing on the role of government. They provide concrete recommendations on how to improve policies which affect innovation performance, including R&D policies. Each review identifies good practices from which other countries can learn.

Hungary has made steady progress but still has a long way to go to close the income gap vis-à-vis high-income OECD countries. The level of innovation activity and performance has remained relatively low by international standards. This is attributable to both lagging innovation capabilities in the business sector and an insufficient contribution of public research organisations to the innovation system. There is a need for more stable governance of the innovation system and a more evidence-based approach to policy making in the area of science, technology and innovation policy.

This publication assesses the current status of Hungary’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country's innovation capabilities.

Table of contents

Overall Assessment and Recommendations (included in English and French)

  • Achievements and challenges: An increased role for innovation in Hungary’s economic development
  • Main strengths and weaknesses of the Hungarian innovation system
  • Shortcomings in science, technology and innovation policy
  • Strategic tasks and guiding principles
  • Recommendations

Chapter 1.  Economic Performance and Framework Conditions for Innovation

  • Economic performance and level of innovative activity
  • International trade and foreign direct investment
  • Structural change
  • The role of innovation in economic development
  • Framework conditions for innovation
  • Performance in science, technology and innovation in an international comparison

Chapter 2.  Innovation Actors in Hungary

  • The business sector
  • Public research organisations
  • Higher education institutions
  • Interactions and linkages
  • Human resources for S&T and innovation
  • ICT in the Hungarian economy

Chapter 3.  The Role of Government

  • The evolution of Hungary’s science, technology and innovation policy
  • Governance and the policy mix
  • Funding of innovation
  • Strategic tasks of innovation policy: a functional assessment 200

Abbreviations and Acronyms

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Last updated: 21 October 2008



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