OECD's Territorial Review of Toronto, Canada. It finds that the Toronto region is one of the chief economic powerhouses of Canada, generating almost one-fifth of national GDP and 45% of Ontario’s GDP. The region is home to 40% of Canada’s business headquarters and is a main manufacturing hub, with major automotive, biomedical and electronics companies. Toronto is also one of the most diverse metropolitan regions in the world: half of its population is foreign born and it hosted 40% of all immigrants to Canada during 2001-2006.
Nevertheless, the region’s current economic development model is under pressure and its economic performance has been mixed in recent years. From 1995 to 2005, GDP per capita and GDP growth rates were below the Canadian average while its annual economic and labour productivity growth were lower than the average for OECD metropolitan regions. During this period, population growth boosted demand in the construction, sales and retail, professional and financial services sectors. However, the recent decline in the area’s manufacturing jobs has illustrated the structural difficulties of some traditionally strong areas, such as the automotive and electronics industries.
This Review proposes a new sustainable competitiveness agenda to enhance productivity, focusing on innovation, cultural diversity and infrastructure, as well as on green policies. To implement such an agenda, the Review proposes improving the current governance framework by intensifying strategic planning at the level of the Toronto region.
The OECD Benchmark Report on Improving Transparency in Government Procurement Procedures in Iraq provides a detailed analysis of public procurement legislation and practices on how to modernise this government activity which is vulnerable to fraud and corruption.
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Ce questionnaire sur les indicateurs réglementaires est une mise à jour des questionnaires de 1998, 2000, et 2005 sur la capacité des gouvernements à produire des réglementation de grande qualité.
Depuis le lancement du Programme horizontal de l'OCDE en 1997, la plupart des pays membres ont été examiné, ainsi que 4 pays non-membres. Cette page présente les examens de l'Italie effectués depuis 2001.
Alors que les pays sortent de la crise avec des finances publiques dont la situation s’est fortement dégradée, il leur faut un programme de redressement budgétaire destiné à réduire la charge de la dette avant que les pressions s’exerçant à long terme ne se fassent pleinement sentir.&l
This review of regulatory reform in Australia comes at the right time to capture the attention of the OECD community. Australia has successfully weathered the worst effects of the current economic crisis. The resilience of the Australian economy, in the face of the deepest and most widespread recession in over fifty years in OECD countries, can in part be attributed to Australia’s current and past regulatory reforms.
Australia has built strong governance foundations for the development of good regulatory management and competition policies, which are likely to be conducive to economic growth. It aims to reinvigorate a wide agenda of national reforms and to embed past reform achievements in new working arrangements between the Commonwealth and the States. This reform agenda is likely to yield substantial economic benefits for years to come, but demands joint participation and commitment from both the Commonwealth and all States. Maintaining the momentum for reform is a critical challenge, which requires a strategic vision as well as strenuous efforts to promote change and to establish a culture of continuous regulatory improvement.
Australia is one of many OECD countries to request a broad review by the OECD of its regulatory practices and reforms. This review presents a general picture , set within a macroeconomic context, of regulatory achievements and challenges, including regulatory quality at the Commonwealth level as well as across levels of government, competition policy and market openness. It also provides a special focus on Commonwealth-state relationships.
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This is the background report on Multi-level regulatory capacity in Australia.
This review presents a general picture, set within a macroeconomic context, of regulatory achievements and challenges, including regulatory quality at the Commonwealth level as well as across levels of government, competition policy and market openness.
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This is the background report on Government capacity to assure high-quality regulation in Australia. It provides more indepth information to Chapter 2 from the publication Australia 2010: Towards a Seamless National Economy.
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This is the background report on Market openness in Australia.