This Review of Venice, Italy, offers a comprehensive assessment of the city-region’s economy and the extent to which its land use, labour market and environmental policies embrace a metropolitan vision. A new understanding of the provinces of Padua, Treviso and Venice as an interconnected city-region of 2.6 million people guides this study. Venice ranks as among the most dynamic and productive city-regions in the OECD, with high employment levels and growth rates. Though it has thrived on a model of small firms and industrial clusters, it is undergoing a deep economic transformation. Venice confronts growing environmental challenges as a result of rising traffic congestion and costly infrastructure pressures, exacerbated by sprawl. Demographics are also changing, due to ageing inhabitants, immigrant settlement and the rapid depopulation of the historic city of Venice.
This report offers a comparative analysis of these issues, utilising the OECD’s metropolitan database to benchmark productivity and growth. It draws on regional economics, urban planning, transportation studies and hydrology to throw light on the changes within the city-region. In light of planned inter-city rail extensions, the Review calls for programmes to increase economic synergies between Venice and its neighbours. It evaluates key tools for promoting economic growth and metropolitan governance and proposes enhanced co-ordination of land use policies, additional business development services for small and medium-sized businesses, and the enlargement of university-linked innovation. Given frequent flooding, the report appraises the quality of metropolitan water governance and Venice’s potential to become a powerful reference for climate change adaptation.
Deux ateliers de travail ont été organisés en Afrique du Sud en 2009 pour discuter des questions de gouvernance réglementaire. L'atelier de mai 2009 a porté sur l'analyse d'impact de la réglementation. Celui de novembre 2009, sur les cadres réglementaires.
Ce séminaire de décembre 2009 avait pour objet de sensibiliser et de comprendre comment les responsables indiens pour la politique de la réglementation peuvent étendre leur approche de la réforme réglementaire par le biais d’une élaboration des politiques fondées sur des bases empiriques.
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The report examines the role of institutions in the promotion of regulatory reform. It highlights how Regulatory Impact Assessment has facilitated the introduction of mechanisms of systematic consultation with those affected by reforms.
Denmark is at the forefront of efforts made by countries around the world to provide and use e-government services; and e-government in Denmark is clearly positioned to foster a more efficient and effective public sector and to provide services that are more responsive to the users’ needs.
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This Position paper presents some key lessons learnt and insights from recent OECD research on the use of regulatory reform during crises and its impacts. These lessons may be of use to policy makers seeking to design, adopt and implement regulatory reform programmes to boost recovery from the global financial and economic crisis.
Brazil has recently delivered remarkable performance in economic, social and financial terms. However, Brazil still needs to address longer-term challenges to continue to bolster the economy’s growth potential and close the gap in living standards in relation to the OECD area at a faster pace.
On 6-7 May 2010, Mexico’s Federal Commission for Regulatory Improvement (COFEMER) and the OECD organised the 25th National Conference for Competitiveness and Regulatory Reform, held in Hermosillo, Mexico. The OECD presented the conclusions of the working paper “Successful Practices and Policies to Promote Regulatory Reform and Entrepreneurship at the Sub-national Level”.
OECD countries have made significant reform progress in recent decades, in fields as diverse as competition policy, health care and the environment. How have they done it? And why have reforms advanced in some places and stalled in others? This collection of essays analyses the reform experiences of the 30 OECD countries in nine major policy domains in order to identify lessons, pitfalls and strategies that may help foster policy reform in the future. While taking full account of the tremendous differences in the political and institutional settings in which these reforms were undertaken, the authors highlight a number of common challenges and potential solutions that hold good across both countries and issue areas. They show that the scope for cross-national policy learning is enormous.
The importance of such reform lessons is all the greater in the wake of the global financial and economic crisis. As OECD governments confront the challenge of trying to restore public finances to health without undermining the recovery, they will need to pursue a careful mix of fiscal policies and growth-enhancing structural reforms. Designing, adopting and implementing such a policy mix will require the crafting of effective reforms and effective strategies for implementing them.
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La France est bien placée pour assurer une reprise solide suite à la crise économique, à condition qu'elle redresse ses finances publiques en opérant des coupes dans les dépenses et en réformant son système de retraites.