National Urban Policy Reviews | Reviews of cities and metropolitan regions | Urban Policy Framework
Peer review method | Further information
National-level Urban Policy Reviews
The OECD series of national-level Urban Policy Reviews evaluates the role of central government in urban policies and provides recommendations to assist policymakers in achieving their policy objectives. Urban Policy Reviews:
- focus on national policies designed and introduced explicitly to address urban development policies, as well as other national policies with an urban development impact;
- analyse how interactions among national-level sectoral policies may have unintended yet profound impacts on urban development; and
- address issues of governance, including inter-governmental fiscal relationships and the various institutional, fiscal and policy tools designed to foster co-ordination on urban development among different levels of government and among different administrations at the central level.
Reviews of cities and metropolitan regions
Reviews of cities and metropolitan regions are conducted in collaboration with local governments (cities, regions and other sub-national levels of government) and central governments, in pursuit of the following objectives:
- enhance the city’s economic competitiveness and attractiveness;
- improve the policies put in place to strengthen social inclusion and environmental sustainability;
- assess the city’s environmental performance and its vulnerability to climate change, and explore ways in which environmental and economic development policies can foster more sustainable development; and
- identify obstacles to competitiveness and sustainable development within the spheres of governance and local finance, and make recommendations for overcoming them.
The OECD has applied its method of peer reviews in more than 25 cities and metropolitan regions (complete list) including, most recently, Rotterdam-The Hague (Netherlands), Valle de México, (Mexico), Antofagasta (Chile), Puebla-Tlaxcala (Mexico), Chicago (United States), Chihuahua (Mexico), Toronto (Canada), Venice (Italy), Gauteng (South Africa) and Guangdong (China).
OECD National urban policy framework
The OECD method of peer reviews
The OECD method of peer reviews consists of a systematic examination and assessment of the performance of one country, region or city by others, with the ultimate goal of helping the entity being reviewed improve its policy making, adopt best practices, and comply with established standards and principles. OECD peer reviews are conducted in a non-adversarial basis and cover a broad range of areas such as economics, education, urban development, governance, public employment, public budgeting, among others.
These reviews, like any other conducted by the OECD, help to enhance:
- Policy dialogue – countries systematically exchange information, attitudes and views on policy decisions and application. This dialogue can be the basis for further co-operation.
- Transparency – the reviewed country or body has the chance, in the course of the peer review, to present and clarify national rules, practices and procedures and explain their rationale. This information is made available to OECD member and partner countries through the OECD reports and website.
- Capacity building – peer review is a mutual learning process in which best practices are exchanged, so the peer review is a mutual learning instrument for the country under review and those acting as examiners.
- Compliance – an important function of the peer review is to monitor and enhance compliance by countries with internationally agreed policies, standards and principles.
For more information about OECD urban policy and metropolitan reviews, please contact:
Rudiger AHREND, Head of the Urban Development Programme. Email: Rudiger.Ahrend@oecd.org
Tel.: +(33-1) 45 24 94 86
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