The Pan Yellow Sea Region (PYSR) covers the coasts of Northern China (Bohai Rim), western and southern Korea and south-western Japan (Kyushu). It has been one of the fastest growing economic zones in East Asia since China’s opening in the early 1990s, thanks to the region’s extensive manufacturing and transportation networks.
Development has been driven by cities such as Dalian, Qingdao and Tianjin in China, Busan and Incheon in Korea, and Fukuoka and Kitakyushu in Japan.
However, the PYSR has yet not fully utilised its assets nor reached its potential for growth. Further economic integration has been hindered by excessive competition and inadequate co-operation within the region.
The regional transportation system requires structural changes to be integrated, especially in the container transportation market. Deepening the region’s social and cultural network remains a challenge.
Environmental concerns are increasingly attracting attention. This report analyses these factors and assesses a wide range of policies to improve the PYSR’s competitiveness and integration.
In particular, the report examines the PYSR’s trans-border governance system, which has emerged since the 1990s as a key regional policy agenda. The harmonisation of authorities within the region is a prerequisite to achieving economic success and addressing the PYSR’s diverse challenges.
A comparative analysis of trans-border cooperation in OECD countries in Europe and North America is also included in an annex. This report will be of special interest to policy makers, researchers, NGOs and others active in trans-border development or Asian economic development.
Acronyms and abbreviations
Assessment and recommendations
Chapter 1. Trends in Trans-border Co-operation in the Pan Yellow Sea Region
-1.2 Key social and economic indicators
-1.3 Fact files for the PSYR’s ten key port cities
-1.4 Trans-border co-operation: A conceptual framework
Chapter 2. Towards deepening trans-border co-operation in the Pan Yellow Sea Region
-2.1 Evolving production networks in the PYSR
-2.2 Hard infrastructure: an integrated transportation network
-2.3 Soft infrastructure: the socio-cultural network
-2.4 Towards environmental co-operation in the PYSR
-Annex 2.A. Threshold test: Methodology and dataset
Chapter 3. Trans-border institution building
-3.1 General understanding of trans-border governance
-3.2 Institutional background of the three PYSR countries
-3.3 Vision and strategies for trans-border collaboration
-3.4 Expanding inter-city linkages in the PYSR
-3.5 Challenges and recommendations
Annex A. Comparative Analysis of Trans-border Co-operation in OECD countries
Readers can access the full version of Trans-border Urban Co-operation in the Pan Yellow Sea Region by choosing from the following options:
The Territorial Review of Trans-border Urban Co-operation in the Pan Yellow Sea Region is integrated into a wider programme of national territorial reviews under taken by the OECD Territorial Development Policy Committee. The overall aim of the territorial review series is to provide practical policy advice to national governments. The trans-border cases previously reviewed include: