OECD's Territorial Review of Toronto, Canada. It finds that the Toronto region is one of the chief economic powerhouses of Canada, generating almost one-fifth of national GDP and 45% of Ontario’s GDP. The region is home to 40% of Canada’s business headquarters and is a main manufacturing hub, with major automotive, biomedical and electronics companies. Toronto is also one of the most diverse metropolitan regions in the world: half of its population is foreign born and it hosted 40% of all immigrants to Canada during 2001-2006.
Nevertheless, the region’s current economic development model is under pressure and its economic performance has been mixed in recent years. From 1995 to 2005, GDP per capita and GDP growth rates were below the Canadian average while its annual economic and labour productivity growth were lower than the average for OECD metropolitan regions. During this period, population growth boosted demand in the construction, sales and retail, professional and financial services sectors. However, the recent decline in the area’s manufacturing jobs has illustrated the structural difficulties of some traditionally strong areas, such as the automotive and electronics industries.
This Review proposes a new sustainable competitiveness agenda to enhance productivity, focusing on innovation, cultural diversity and infrastructure, as well as on green policies. To implement such an agenda, the Review proposes improving the current governance framework by intensifying strategic planning at the level of the Toronto region.
This report explores what generates growth at the regional level. Based on in-depth econometric modelling and analyses, this report reframes the debate on regional policy and development, emphasising that opportunities for growth exist in all regions.
This review of regional policy in Sweden explores the potential for enhanced innovation and entrepreneurship and provides recommendations to strengthen Sweden’s regional development strategies through improved governance mechanisms, both regionally and across levels of government.
Recently, OECD countries have promoted a new approach to regional policy. This report reviews the main dimensions of this policy shift, drawing on recent work by OECD including analysis of regional data, policy reviews and case studies.
The review proposes a new sustainable competitiveness agenda to enhance productivity in Toronto. This agenda could focus on innovation, cultural diversity and infrastructure; and apply a green lens to policies.
Cette page explique les divers éléments qui constituent le développement régional.
The radical transformation that Spanish rural areas have experienced in the past few decades suggest a new approach to rural policy. This report looks at such issues as rural tourism, renewable energies, rural clusters, development of peri-urban areas, and service delivery.
Ce rapport passe en revue les défis et les opportunités associés à la conception et à l’utilisation de systèmes d’indicateurs dans le contexte de la gouvernance pluriniveaux.
Ce rapport examine ce qui génère la croissance au niveau régional. En s’appuyant sur des modèles économétriques et des analyses approfondies, l'ouvrage reformule le débat sur les politiques et le développement régional et souligne le potentiel de croissance qui existe dans toutes les régions.
This report recommends that Chile move towards a territorial approach to development in order to better adapt public management to the different opportunities and needs of the diverse territories of the country.