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Main Outcomes - Global Forum on Public Governance: Building a Cleaner World, Paris 2009



The Forum reached consensus that countries cannot sustain clean and fair economies without building a culture of integrity both in the public and private sectors. 



Other outcomes from the Global Forum include:

  • The confirmation that risk mapping is vital to respond to the financial crisis: assessment of vulnerabilities of corruption is key to anticipate risks of governance failures.  Participants underlined that countries cannot achieve clean economies without equally addressing risks in corporate and public governance.  This is particularly timely when the role and scope of government are rapidly expanding through reshaping regulations, bail-outs and ownership of financial institutions.
  • Participants called for guidelines and analysis addressing vulnerabilities linked to the financial crisis.  As a next step, the OECD will consolidate the framework for enhancing transparency in lobbying and will review lessons learned in avoiding conflict of interest in “revolving door” in the financial sector. 
  • There was consensus to keep attention on public procurement due to stimulus packages infusing enormous amounts in the economy, with a special focus on its early stages, for example in the definition of needs as well as on emergency procurement practices used in stimulus packages.
  • Weak implementation of integrity measures is a common concern across countries.  The Integrity Framework was recognised as a comprehensive tool for reviewing and modernising policies and practices.  Participants encouraged the OECD to continue developing data, benchmarks and indicators in order to measure implementation and results.
  • Participants agreed that in order to create an environment to promote integrity it is necessary to establish a balance between regulations and controls (rules based system) and awareness raising of what constitutes acceptable behaviour (value based system). 
  • There was consensus that demonstrated political leadership is never more essential than in time of crisis and involvement of stakeholders, in particular business and civil society is critical to build a culture of integrity.  Participants called for the involvement of the political level to continue the dialogue.


  • Transferring knowledge and expertise, and how countries can learn and adapt their experiences to benefit from each other was a crucial aspect of participants’ discussions. A Catalogue of promising integrity practices compiled by the Netherlands received substantial inputs in workshops to become a rich living document collecting experiences from Europe as well as other regions and was perceived by participants as a valuable knowledge instrument. Participants welcomed initiatives to further advance the thinking on what constitute critical success factors in building a culture of integrity.
  • The meeting confirmed that capacity constraints are the main obstacle for developing countries to implement OECD’s policy guidance, instruments and expertise.


The Global Forum demonstrated the commitment and interest of countries in the policy instruments, analysis and practical tools the OECD has developed for building a culture of integrity.  For this reason, the OECD will encapsulate and summarise these integrity initiatives produced over the last decade in a forthcoming Policy Brief.


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