Ce rapport fait l’analyse des questions clés qui sont nécessaires pour dégager le cadre de référence futur pour une bonne gestion de la politique et des réformes de réglementation.
Elles sont aujourd’hui considérées par les décideurs et les parties prenantes comme de puissants instruments de l’évolution sociétale et de l’édification d’économies du savoir compétitives, équitables et durables.
As the hubs of economic activity, cities drive the vast majority of the world’s energy use and are major contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions. Because they are home to major infrastructure and highly concentrated populations, cities are also vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, such as rising sea levels, warmer temperatures and fiercer storms. At the same time, better urban planning and policies can reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions and improve the resilience of urban infrastructure to climate change, thus shaping future trends.
This book shows how city and metropolitan regional governments working in tandem with national governments can change the way we think about responding to climate change. The chapters analyse: trends in urbanisation, economic growth, energy use and climate change; the economic benefits of climate action; the role of urban policies in reducing energy demand, improving resilience to climate change and complementing global climate policies; frameworks for multilevel governance of climate change including engagement with relevant stakeholders; and the contribution of cities to “green growth”, including the “greening” of fiscal policies, innovation and jobs. The book also explores policy tools and best practices from both OECD and some non-member countries.
Cities and Climate Change reveals the importance of addressing climate change across all levels of government. Local involvement through “climate-conscious” urban planning and management can help achieve national climate goals and minimise tradeoffs between environmental and economic priorities at local levels. The book will be relevant to policy makers, researchers, and others with an interest in learning more about urbanisation and climate change policy.
In his remarks to "Making Reform Happen", Angel Gurría said that "well-designed and well-implemented reforms yield a triple dividend. They lift output and employment; they strengthen public budgets and they rebalance global demand."
L'Initiative sur la bonne gouvernance à l'appui du développement (GFD) dans les pays arabes a pour objectif de moderniser les structures et processus de la gouvernance publique dans les pays MENA par le biais du dialogue entre praticiens.
Data are available from 1980 and provide comparable information on marketable and non-marketable central government debt instruments in all OECD member countries. They are expressed either in million of US dollars or as a percentage of GDP. The coverage of the data is limited to central government debt issuance and excludes therefore state and local government debt and social security funds. Source: Central Goverment Debt Database
Denmark is at the forefront of efforts made by countries around the world to provide and use online services and to boost a more efficient and effective public sector.
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An important criterion for the success of regulatory reform is whether regulatory systems accomplish their policy objectives. Despite a massive increase in regulation and government-imposed formalities in most countries since the 1970s, results have too often been disappointing.
This publication on cutting red tape analyses how administrative simplification is used as a regulatory quality tool to review and reduce administrative and regulatory procedures.
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The 2009 report presents indicators of the development of the regulatory management systems used in OECD countries to improve the quality of regulation.