Latest Documents


  • 2-May-2017

    English

    The Governance of Land Use in OECD Countries - Policy Analysis and Recommendations

    Land use has important consequences for the environment, public health, economic productivity, inequality and social segregation. Land use policies are often complex and require co-ordination across all levels of government as well as across policy sectors. Not surprisingly, land use decisions can be contentious and conflicts over land use are common across the OECD. This report argues that better land use governance requires the use of a broader set of public policies to influence land use. In particular, the incentives for particular land uses provided by fiscal instruments and tax policies need to be better aligned with land use objectives. The report furthermore analyses land use patterns across the OECD based on comprehensive land cover data. It shows that developed land is growing everywhere, but great variation exists between countries. Lastly, the report summarises insights from six in-depth case studies to show concrete examples of land use related challenges in OECD countries and the response of national, regional and local governments to them.

  • 2-May-2017

    English

    Land-use Planning Systems in the OECD - Country Fact Sheets

    This report provides an overview of spatial and land-use planning systems across the OECD. It contains country fact sheets that focus on formal aspects of planning systems, as they are defined by laws and regulations. The country fact sheets describe the responsibilities of each level of government with respect to spatial and land-use planning. They include a description of all spatial and land-use plans of a country and show their hierarchical relations in a diagram. For most countries, the fact sheets also contain key statistics on land use. A summary chapter provides an overview of the information in the country fact sheets and discusses land value capture tools, land expropriation procedures, reforms of the planning system, and other issues. The information provided in this report was collected through a survey that involved academic experts on planning from all 32 countries covered.

  • 28-avril-2017

    Français

    Le contrôle interne et la gestion des risques pour renforcer la gouvernance en Tunisie

    La Tunisie mène depuis plusieurs années des réformes visant la modernisation de son administration publique. L’objectif premier est de parvenir à une gouvernance renforcée et à la conduite performante de politiques publiques au service des citoyens. Pour atteindre cet objectif, le gouvernement tunisien a compris la nécessité de développer un système organisationnel de contrôle interne et de maîtrise des risques liés à la mise en œuvre des politiques publiques et à la performance de l’action publique. Le rapport analyse les enjeux et les principes fondamentaux du contrôle interne et de la gestion des risques, la situation actuelle en matière de contrôle interne au sein de l’administration publique tunisienne en général, et au sein d’un ministère pilote en particulier.  De plus, il présente, sous la forme d’un guide, le projet pionnier qui a été réalisé au sein du ministère de l’Agriculture, des Ressources hydrauliques et de la Pêche sur le contrôle interne et de gestion des risques pour la procédure de paie. Ce rapport met le point sur les enseignements tirés des travaux du projet pilote ainsi que sur les recommandations. Il permet également de refléter les bonnes pratiques tunisiennes, régionales et internationales dans ce domaine.

  • 31-March-2017

    English

    OECD Territorial Reviews: Morelos, Mexico

    Morelos is one of the smallest states in Mexico, and close to Mexico City. It contains a number of economic and environmental assets in its territory, but has weak productivity levels. This review looks at how Morelos is seeking to boost its economy, particularly through inclusive growth policies such as enhancing human capital and promoting innovation. It also highlights areas of untapped potential for economic growth across rural areas and the tourism and environmental sectors, and offers suggestions for how Morelos could address governance challenges.

  • 30-March-2017

    English

    2017 OECD Global Anti-Corruption & Integrity Forum

    The 2017 OECD Global Anti-Corruption and Integrity Forum will tackle issues related to fair competition and economic growth, the inequality gap, a level playing field for business, the public interest in policy making and trust in government and politics

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  • 20-March-2017

    English

    OECD Forum on Governance of Infrastructure

    This event will look at good practices in key areas for making infrastructure deliver; such as infrastructure policy and planning, stakeholder participation, integrity, procurement, and institutional arrangements for multi-level investment projects.

  • 13-March-2017

    English

    OECD Territorial Reviews: Northern Sparsely Populated Areas

    The northern sparsely populated areas (NSPA) of Finland, Norway and Sweden are becoming increasingly important to the geopolitical and economic interests of these countries and the European Union. These regions have unique geographical characteristics - low population density and a harsh climate - and face specific challenges due to an ageing population, long distances from markets, and high-cost land transport. However, high productivity growth is possible in low-density regions. This report sets out policy recommendations at cross-border, national and regional scales to enhance prosperity and well-being across the NSPA. This includes closer co-operation with national governments to address shared challenges and opportunities such as improving east-west transport connections and reducing occupational and skills barriers to labour mobility, and addressing barriers to business growth such as access to finance.

  • 10-March-2017

    English

    Trust and Public Policy - How Better Governance Can Help Rebuild Public Trust

    Trust plays a very tangible role in the effectiveness of government. Few perceptions are more palpable than that of trust or its absence. Governments ignore this at their peril. Yet, public trust has been eroding just when policy makers need it most, given persistent unemployment, rising inequality and a variety of global pressures. This report examines the influence of trust on policy making and explores some of the steps governments can take to strengthen public trust.

  • 8-March-2017

    English

    OECD Territorial Reviews: Sweden 2017 - Monitoring Progress in Multi-level Governance and Rural Policy

    Sweden has long given priority to promoting both sustainable economic growth in its regions and equity among them. This report looks at the progress Sweden has made in its regional growth policy, multi-level governance system and rural policy. It also takes a more in-depth look at two topics of increasing importance: whether rural Sweden has been “left behind”, and issues of regional and municipal governance. The report suggests steps Sweden can take to address its regional and rural policy challenges. It also assesses to what degree Sweden has implemented the recommendations made in the 2010 OECD Territorial Review of Sweden.

     

  • 8-mars-2017

    Français

    Adopter une approche territoriale dans les politiques de sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle

    La sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition sont des préoccupations majeures au niveau international, en particulier dans les zones rurales. Ces sujets ont attiré beaucoup d’attention ainsi que de nombreux investissements, toutefois, les résultats ont jusqu’à présent été mitigés. Dans certains pays les moyennes nationales ont progressé, mais pour autant, de nombreux citoyens souffrent toujours d’insécurité alimentaire, ces derniers sont souvent concentrés géographiquement. L’insécurité alimentaire et la pauvreté sont fortement liées et ont une forte dimension territoriale.  Afin de résoudre ces problèmes durablement, les réponses en termes de politiques publiques doivent être adaptées aux défis de chaque territoire en adaptant une approche multidimensionnelle qui prenne en compte la disponibilité d’aliments, leur accessibilité, leur utilisation et stabilité. Ce rapport, sur la base de cinq études de cas   ainsi que du Nouveau Paradigme Rural de l’OCDE, propose une démarche effective pour lutter contre l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition.

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