English, PDF, 344kb
The state continues to exercise considerable influence on the Greek economy. According to the OECD’s Product Market Regulation indicator, Greece has one of the highest degrees of state control in the productive sectors across OECD countries.
English, PDF, 350kb
South Africa conducted a comprehensive review of its state-owned enterprise sector in 2012, initiated at the request of the Presidency. Implementation of the review’s recommendations is now of critical importance and can be supported by adopting international best practices.
English, PDF, 355kb
OECD work suggests that Slovenia’s model for economic growth has suffered from both corporate governance weaknesses and heavy reliance on state involvement in the economy. Despite some recent privatisation efforts, Slovenia’s degree of state ownership in the economy remains one of the highest in the OECD,
English, PDF, 397kb
The Japanese economy has for many years been characterised by a low corporate return on equity. Increasing returns requires better corporate governance that improves investment and the use of corporate resources, including cash holdings.
English, PDF, 360kb
Poor corporate governance was identified as a major factor in Indonesia’s economic crisis in 1997. Since then a wide range of laws and regulations have been introduced and standards developed. Sound corporate governance will reassure stakeholders that their rights are protected, thus building confidence and trust in doing business in Indonesia.
English, PDF, 357kb
Infrastructure investment in Indonesia was seriously impaired by the 1997 Asian financial crisis. Indonesia plans to increase investment sharply through both public spending and private finance. Yet, Indonesia lacks suitable long-term investment vehicles and capital markets are still developing.
English, PDF, 702kb
Bribery is a threat to good governance, sustainable economic development, democracy and people’s welfare. The corrosive effects of bribery can spread across borders, affecting economies and societies everywhere. The ability to address bribery, both domestically and internationally, is impaired by a lack of transparency, accountability and integrity in the public and private sectors.
English, PDF, 566kb
Exports increasingly rely on imports, that is to say intermediate goods and services. This means that they consequently rely on value added in the countries that manufacture inputs into their export goods and services. Trade in value added (TiVA) is an approach used to estimate a breakdown of the value added–by country and industry– to a good or service produced for export or consumed in the domestic economy.
English, , 1,735kb
The Policy Brief is designed to provide practical recommendations on corporate governance practices in the banking sector.
Français, , 206kb
L’investissement privé est indispensable à la croissance économique, au développement durable et à la réduction de la pauvreté. Il accroît la capacité de production d’une économie, favorise la création d’emplois, contribue à l’innovation et aux nouvelles technologies et dope la croissance du revenu. Mais, surtout en Afrique et dans les pays en développement, le volume de l’investissement privé est insuffisant pour répondre aux besoins