Documents récents


  • 18-February-2015

    English

    The Metropolitan Century - Understanding Urbanisation and its Consequences

    The report provides an outline of recent and likely future urbanisation trends and discusses the consequences. The world is in the middle of an urbanisation process that will cause urbanisation rates to rise from low double digit rates to more than 80% by the end of the century. It argues that this is both a great opportunity and a great challenge, as decisions taken today will affect the lifes of people for a long time to come. The report aims at explaining why cities exist, and what can make them prosperous and function well. It also discusses whether cities are good for residents, for the countries they are located in and for the global environment. The report argues that cities exist and grow because they are a source of economic prosperity and offer amenities that benefit their residents. It concludes that urbanisation is a process that needs to be shaped by policy makers to ensure that all benefit from it.

     

  • 6-January-2015

    English

    OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Mexico 2015 - Transforming Urban Policy and Housing Finance

    In parallel to a sweeping structural reform agenda, Mexico announced in 2013 a new approach to housing and urban policy. Calling for a more explicit qualitative focus on housing and the urban environment, the policy shift is a welcome development. Mexico urbanised more rapidly than most OECD countries in the past half-century, in part as a result of the expansion of housing finance led by INFONAVIT and facilitated by policies aiming to expand access to formal housing. Yet the quantitative push for formal housing came with quantitative costs: inefficient development patterns resulting in a hollowing out of city centres and the third-highest rate of urban sprawl in the OECD; increasing motorisation rates; a significant share of vacant housing, with one-seventh of the housing stock uninhabited in 2010; housing developments with inadequate access to public transport and basic urban services; and social segregation. How can the Mexican authorities “get cities right” and develop more competitive, sustainable and inclusive cities? How can they improve the capacity of the relevant institutions and foster greater collaboration among them? How can INFONAVIT ensure that its lending activities generate more sustainable urban outcomes as it also fulfils its pension mandate and help Mexicans save more for retirement?

  • 6-January-2015

    Spanish

    Presentación del Estudio de Política Urbana de la OCDE: México, Transformando la Política Urbana y el Financiamiento de la Vivienda

    México ha logrado reducir, en gran medida y a una velocidad notable, el déficit cuantitativo de vivienda del país. La adopción e implementación de una política de vivienda más flexible y el fortalecimiento de la política nacional de desarrollo urbano le permitirían beneficiarse del crecimiento económico y sustentable de las ciudades, afirma la OCDE.

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  • 8-December-2014

    English

    The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities

    Ports and cities are historically strongly linked, but the link between port and city growth has become weaker. Economic benefits often spill over to other regions, whereas negative impacts are localised in the port-city. How can ports regain their role as drivers of urban economic growth and how can negative port impacts be mitigated? Those are the questions that this report aims to answer.

  • 1-December-2014

    English

    OECD Territorial Reviews: Colombia 2014

    Regional development policy is a priority of Colombia’s government. The country has experienced sustained economic growth over the past decade; yet several territories still lack development opportunities. To promote growth in all regions the government has engaged in a series of reforms. For instance, it started allocating royalty payments generated by hydrocarbon resources to all departments and most municipalities, including those that are not endowed with natural resources. The reform also promotes better multilevel governance and represents a good policy practice for countries seeking to link natural resource development with regional development.

    To support the current efforts of Colombia’s government, this report illustrates policy recommendations to help national authorities adopting a territorial approach to inclusive economic development. In particular, the OECD recommends to: a) improve the quantity and quality of regional statistics and formulate urban and rural taxonomies that help tailor policies to places; b) involve territorial constituencies in the design of policy interventions and allocate to them more implementation responsibilities within the framework of the National Development Plan; c) promote coordination among subnational bodies to scale up investment in territories to avoid that public investment – and royalty payments – gets dispersed in a myriad of small-scale projects.

  • 28-November-2014

    English

    Compact City Policies: Korea

    Report finds that some Korean policies, such as urban regeneration, new town development or multi-modal transferring centres, have implicitly implemented compact city polices to a certain degree. However, there are still issues - including urban sprawl, unbalanced socio-economic levels and environmental challenges - which can be threats to urban competitiveness.

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  • 28-November-2014

    English

    Resilient Cities

    Resilient cities are cities that have the ability to absorb, recover and prepare for future shocks (economic, environmental, social & institutional). Resilient cities promote sustainable development, well-being and inclusive growth. The OECD is investigating how cities can increase their resilience.

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  • 28-November-2014

    English

    Compact City Policies: Korea - Towards Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

    This report examines Korea's urban policies and offers customised policy recommendations based on the OECD publication, Compact City Policies (2012). Some Korean policies, such as urban regeneration, new town development or multi-modal transfering centers, have implicitly implemented compact city polices to a certain degree. However, there are still issues - including urban sprawl, unbalanced socio-economic levels and environmental challenges - which can be threats to urban competitiveness. An appropriate set of compact city polices, such as environmental friendly urban regeneration, mixed land use, polices to offset the side effects of compact development, strong management of transport demands, and governance enforcement, can accelerate Korean cities' sustainable development.

  • 18-November-2014

    English

    OECD Rural Policy Reviews: Chile 2014

    This report looks at rural policy in Chile, examining the main trends in rural regions, policies and governance arrangements. It highlights the need to establish a national rural policy framework in Chile, in order to better coordinate the wide range of national policies and programmes currently targeting rural areas. It also investigates the evolving role of "rural" in development, highlighting the need to design rural policies in a strategic way so that complementarities with urban policy can be realised as the country develops.

  • 13-novembre-2014

    Français

    Comment va la vie dans votre région? - Mesurer le bien-être régional et local pour les politiques publiques

    Comment va la vie? La réponse peut dépendre selon la région où vous vivez. De nombreux facteurs qui influent sur le bien-être des personnes entrent en jeu au niveau local, par exemple : l’emploi, l’accès aux services de santé, la pollution et la sécurité publique. Les politiques publiques qui tiennent compte des réalités économiques et sociales dans lesquelles les personnes vivent et travaillent peuvent avoir un impact plus important sur l’amélioration du bien-être pour l’ensemble du pays.

    Ce rapport dresse un tableau complet du bien-être dans 362 régions de l’OCDE à travers un examen des aspects les plus importants qui déterminent la vie des personnes : l’emploi, le revenu, le logement, la santé, l’accès aux services, l’environnement, la sécurité et l’engagement civique. Le rapport souligne que les disparités en matière de conditions matérielles et de qualité de vie sont souvent plus importantes entre régions d’un même pays qu’entre pays différents. Alors qu’en moyenne les gens sont plus riches, vivent plus longtemps et bénéficient d’une meilleure qualité de l’air qu’il y a quinze ans, de nombreux pays de l’OCDE ont vu s’accentuer l'écart entre leurs régions les plus performantes et les moins performantes.

    Le rapport offre un cadre commun pour mesurer le bien-être au niveau régional ainsi que des lignes directrices pour aider tous les niveaux de gouvernement à utiliser les mesures du bien-être afin de mieux cibler les politiques publiques sur les besoins spécifiques de chaque communauté. Le rapport s’appuie sur une grande diversité d’expériences pratiques de régions et villes de l’OCDE.

    Un outil internet interactif (www.oecdregionalwellbeing.org) permet de comparer les performances à travers les régions des pays de l’OCDE et de suivre les évolutions au cours du temps.

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