This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the challenges confronting Chile’s centralised growth model and recommendations towards developing a more integrated territorial approach, capable of mobilising regional productivity catch-up potential in order to strengthen the role of regions and municipalities.
The Chilean government has launched an ambitious decentralisation agenda, aimed at empowering municipalities by providing them with the legitimacy, financial resources, human capacities and tools required to improve their autonomy and performance. This study seeks to assist the government by covering several dimensions, looking at municipal responsibilities, fiscal and human resources, equalisation mechanisms, local public service performance, citizen participation, and co-ordination mechanisms across levels of government.
On 10 July, the Multi-level governance review of Chile “Making decentralisation work: towards stronger municipalities” was launched in Santiago in the framework of a conference organised by SUBDERE.
The first OECD meeting on Mining Regions will be held in Antofagasta, Chile from 5-7 October 2017. The event is a starting point for the creation of a platform to enhance cooperation among mining regions and their cities to increase productivity and well-being.
Ce rapport étudie la façon dont les territoires français sont administrés. Il décrit les lois, les politiques et les pratiques qui façonnent l'aménagement spatial et fonctionnel du territoire dans l'ensemble du pays, et fournit une évaluation détaillée des accords spécifiques de gouvernance et des méthodes dans deux régions métropolitaines: Clermont-Ferrand, agglomération urbaine moyenne Centre-sud de la France; Et Nantes Saint-Nazaire, la 6ème plus grande agglomération urbaine du pays, située au nord-ouest. Ces exemples soulignent les tendances et les défis rencontrés dans chaque région, comme la nécessité de protéger les environnements fragiles contre la périurbanisation croissante, et les approches uniques adoptées pour gérer les problèmes d'utilisation des terres dans un grand nombre de communes. Le rapport propose des recommandations sur la manière de renforcer les capacités et l'efficacité du système d'aménagement spatial du territoire afin d'assurer l'utilisation efficace et durable des terres.
Morelos is one of the smallest states in Mexico, and close to Mexico City. It contains a number of economic and environmental assets in its territory, but has weak productivity levels. This review looks at how Morelos is seeking to boost its economy, particularly through inclusive growth policies such as enhancing human capital and promoting innovation. It also highlights areas of untapped potential for economic growth across rural areas and the tourism and environmental sectors, and offers suggestions for how Morelos could address governance challenges.
Kazakhstan has experienced a long period of high and sustained economic growth, largely driven by oil and gas exports. However, the drop in 2014 of the international price of oil highlighted the risks of dependence on natural resource activities. Kazakhstan must diversify its economic base to ensure that it can continue to “catch up” and move into higher value-added goods and services. This review looks at how a modern approach to regional development can help Kazakhstan by mobilising the growth potential of different parts of the economy and territory, supporting economic diversification and reducing regional inequalities.
Urbanisation is an important condition for economic development, but must be managed effectively if cities are to realise their potential as engines of national growth. This report provides a comprehensive assessment of Kazakhstan’s urban policies in terms of economic, social and environmental impact. It analyses how national spatial planning for urban regions, along with specific sectoral policies, affect urban development directly and indirectly. It also looks at specific issues such as housing, public utilities, urban transport, and migration. The review assesses the efficiency and effectiveness of current urban governance arrangements, and makes recommendations for steps Kazakhstan can take to develop an attractive and well-managed system of large and medium-sized cities that can help it achieve its development objectives.
Understanding the processes and dynamics underlying the birth, life and death of businesses can provide an important perspective on the mechanisms generating new jobs and ensuring better economic development in all places. The OECD regional statistics and indicators unit has developed a database collecting a comparable set of business demography indicators across the regions of OECD countries.
La gouvernance de l’investissement public entre les niveaux de gouvernement est un des leviers essentiels pour le développement inclusif et durable des territoires marocains. Un L'atelier s’est tenu à Rabat les 22 et 23 mai 2017 sur le sujet, et a réuni des acteurs clefs de l’investissement public.
Amsterdam is a dynamic and growing metropolitan area that faces significant land-use pressures. Renowned for its tradition of collaborative planning, the city and its metropolitan partners must adapt to new conditions. Ongoing population growth is creating demand for housing and commercial space, and the new National Environment and Planning Act is challenging planners to adopt more flexible, responsive and integrated land-use management practices. This study examines the social, economic and environmental conditions affecting the area’s spatial development as well as the plans, policies and institutions that govern how land is used. The study offers recommendations on how the city and its metropolitan partners can best respond to emerging challenges and meet their ambitious goals for sustainable and inclusive spatial development.