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Fiscal Resilience to Natural Disasters

Lessons from Country Experiences

Natural disasters continue to cause widespread damage and losses, with fast growing economies particularly exposed. Governments often shoulder a significant share of the costs of disaster recovery and reconstruction. This is true in OECD countries and even more so in developing economies, where private insurance markets are not as well developed. The fiscal impact of disasters on a government’s budget can be sizeable. Expenditures for the government arise from both explicit and implicit commitments to compensate for disaster losses. This report presents the results of a study that compares country practices in the management of the financial implications of disasters on government finances for a set of OECD member and partner countries particularly exposed to natural hazards.

Published on May 20, 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Acronyms and abbreviations
Executive Summary
Introduction
Synthesis3 chapters available
Understanding the economic and fiscal impacts of disasters
Boosting financial resilience against disasters: Towards better management of disaster-related contingent liabilities
Mitigating disaster-related contingent liabilities and financing residual risks: Policy lessons
Case Studies9 chapters available
Australia
Canada
Colombia
Costa Rica
France
Japan
Mexico
New Zealand
Peru
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