OECD Integrity Week is held annually. On this occasion, the OECD hosts multiple public events relating to anti-corruption and integrity.
The 5th OECD High Level Risk Forum (HLRF) brought together policy makers from 30 governments, practitioners from the private sector and experts from think tanks and academia to share good practices with the aim to improve the governance and management of complex risks.
Strategically managing crises is an essential responsibility of governments. Often critical decisions need to be made swiftly under difficult and complex conditions, as crises’ impacts may spread beyond national borders and can trigger significant economic, social and environmental knock-on effects. Governments have a significant role to play in strengthening the resilience of their populations, communities and critical infrastructure networks. This report highlights the changing landscape of crises that governments are confronted with today. It discusses new approaches to deal with both traditional and new kinds of crises, and invites reflection on how best governments can adapt to change. Topics covered include capacity for early warning and “sense-making”, crisis communication and the role of social media, as well as strategic crisis management exercises. Finally, the review proposes practical policy guidance for strategic crisis management.
Les réformes menées récemment ont amélioré la pérennité financière des systèmes de retraite et le niveau de vie des retraités est aujourd’hui plus élevé qu’il ne l’a jamais été. Toutefois, la générosité des droits à pension devrait fortement diminuer pour les générations futures et de nombreux pays pourraient être confrontés à un risque sérieux de pauvreté parmi ses retraités, d’après un nouveau rapport publié par l'OCDE.
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The economic impact of corruption in Brazil, South America’s largest economy, is significant not only nationally but also regionally. However, there are elements that point to an improving situation.
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Brazil has made significant progress in building a reputation for sound fiscal policy since it passed the Fiscal Responsibility Law in 2000. In recent years, however, the fiscal situation has become more difficult as public spending and gross debt have risen.
Transport accounts for nearly a quarter of carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion. The price attached to these emissions is critical to climate policies and emissions mitigation efforts in the sector. As the impact of emissions on climate does not depend on where CO2 is released, the price of carbon should be uniform. In reality, however, it varies immensely, reflecting the complexity of assessing climate impacts.
This report reviews the three key challenges in considering the effects of carbon dioxide emissions in economic appraisal: the valuation of carbon dioxide emissions, the treatment of uncertainty in climate change and the approach used to discounting future costs and benefits. The report reviews current approaches in selected countries (France, Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States) and provides examples of good practice and recommendations for national and international policy making.
The New International Airport of Mexico City (NAICM) should position Mexico as a regional hub and improve its competitiveness. It is scheduled to be operational in 2020 in answer to the pressing need for the expansion of the city's airport capabilities. The airport, whose construction is managed by a state-owned entity (GACM), is currently the largest Mexican infrastructure project.
A project of this magnitude requires tailored strategic frameworks and actions in several policy areas. Building on international experience, this report provides a comprehensive assessment, and analysis and recommendations in four key dimensions contributing to the effective delivery of large infrastructure projects: governance, procurement, integrity and communication.
Intergovernmental fiscal institutions are the overarching framework for relations across government levels. They comprise the constitutional set up of a country; the division of power between government levels; the prevalence of fiscal rules across government levels; intergovernmental budget frameworks; the role of independent bodies such as fiscal councils in shaping fiscal relations; the inter-ministerial organisation of fiscal decision making; and other framework conditions shaping intergovernmental fiscal relations and fiscal policy. This book brings together academics and practitioners dealing with or being involved in shaping the institutions of intergovernmental fiscal relations. It has an interdisciplinary focus and provides insight from various academic or practitioners’ fields: economists, political scientists, budget management specialists and others.
Les menaces de sécurité numérique potentiellement lourdes de conséquences économiques sont récemment devenues plus nombreuses et sophistiquées, alors même que l’environnement numérique est devenu un maillon essentiel du fonctionnement de l’économie et un facteur important de croissance, de bien-être et d’inclusivité. Pour profiter pleinement des avantages liés à l’environnement numérique, les parties prenantes doivent absolument cesser d’aborder le risque de sécurité numérique sous un angle technique dissocié de considérations économiques et sociales plus larges. Il leur faut d’urgence intégrer la gestion de ce risque à leurs processus décisionnels en matière économique et sociale. Les responsables de l’action publique doivent également mesurer toute la complexité du risque de sécurité numérique dans ses multiples dimensions, de la prospérité économique et sociale aux activités de police (lutte contre la « cybercriminalité ») en passant par la défense, la sécurité nationale et la sécurité internationale.
Cette Recommandation de l'OCDE et son document d'accompagnement offrent des orientations sur ces aspects.