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  • 25-May-2020

    English

    Decentralisation and inter-governmental relations in the housing sector

    Based on a survey, this paper presents new data on the decentralisation of the housing system and co-ordination mechanisms across levels of government, focusing on the provision of social housing. Decision-making in social housing tends to be more devolved to sub-national actors, as compared to other key public services. Policy decision making tends to be more centralised, while sub-national governments and housing providers have more control over decisions regarding the inputs, outputs and monitoring of social housing. Governments globally have implemented a mix of housing policy interventions. Demand side interventions include tax allowances and subsidies to facilitate the purchase of a home or the provision of social housing in the rental market to those in need. Interventions to influence the supply of housing are generally aimed at housing developers or sub-national governments, to stimulate housing construction. There are a number of policy tools readily available to sub-national governments to improve housing outcomes, including the implementation and reform of taxes on immovable property and the relaxation of restrictive land use regulations.
  • 19-May-2020

    English

    Infrastructure and Public Procurement - Webinar series

    Infrastructure and Public Procurement - Webinar series

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  • 15-May-2020

    English

    Behavioural insights

    OECD work on applying behavioural insights in public policy.

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  • 12-mai-2020

    Français

    Analyse d’impact de la réglementation

    À l’heure de concevoir une politique, une loi, un règlement ou tout autre type de « règle », les pouvoirs publics devraient toujours se pencher sur ses effets probables. L’analyse d’impact de la réglementation (AIR) fournit aux décideurs des indications cruciales pour juger s’il est opportun d’adopter un texte pour atteindre certains objectifs et, si oui, pour déterminer comment procéder. L’AIR consiste à examiner les incidences et les conséquences de tout un éventail de solutions possibles. Elle peut également aider les responsables publics à défendre leur décision de ne pas intervenir dans le jeu du marché lorsque cela s’avérerait plus coûteux qu’avantageux. La présente publication propose aux responsables publics, aux fonctionnaires et aux autres acteurs du secteur public un instrument pratique pour mieux concevoir et mettre en œuvre leurs dispositifs et stratégies d’AIR. Les Principes qui y sont formulés couvrent un large éventail d’organisations institutionnelles, d’outils et de pratiques, présentent une liste d’étapes clés et énumèrent les pratiques à privilégier et à éviter dans l’élaboration des dispositifs d’AIR. Le rapport s’inscrit dans une série de Principes de bonne pratique de l’OCDE en matière de politique réglementaire élaborés sous la direction du Comité de la politique de la réglementation de l’OCDE. Comme les autres rapports de la série, il complète et précise les principes formulés dans le cadre de la Recommandation du Conseil concernant la politique et la gouvernance réglementaires de 2012.
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  • 7-May-2020

    English

    OECD Reviews of Evaluation and Assessment in Education: Albania

    How can assessment and evaluation policies work together more effectively to improve student outcomes in primary and secondary schools? The country reports in this series analyse major issues facing evaluation and assessment policy to identify improvements that can be made to enhance the quality, equity and efficiency of school education. Albania has made improvements in access to education and in raising learning outcomes over the last two decades, moving from one of the lowest performers in the Western Balkans to one of the fastest improvers. However, a large share of students in Albania continue to leave school without mastering basic competencies needed for work and life and disparities persist across population groups. This review, developed in co-operation with UNICEF, provides Albania with recommendations to help strengthen its evaluation and assessment system to focus on support for student learning. It will be of interest to Albania, as well as other countries looking to make more effective use of their evaluation and assessment system to improve quality and equity, and result in better outcomes for all students.
  • 6-May-2020

    English

    Driving Performance at Ireland’s Environmental Protection Agency

    Environmental regulators strive to protect the environment and public health from pollution from economic activity. This report uses the OECD Performance Assessment Framework for Economic Regulators (PAFER) to assess both the internal and external governance of Ireland’s Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). It looks at the EPA’s role and objectives, its financial and human resources, processes for internal management and decision making, and systems for performance assessment. The review acknowledges the EPA’s achievements and good practices, analyses the key drivers of its performance, and identifies a number of challenges and opportunities for improvement to help the regulator prepare for the future.
  • 30-April-2020

    English

    Regulatory Quality and COVID-19: Managing the Risks and Supporting the Recovery

    Regulatory decisions are vital at nearly every stage of resolving the health crisis and its social and economic effects. The current situation makes the need for trusted, evidence-based, internationally co-ordinated and well-enforced regulation particularly acute.

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  • 29-April-2020

    English

    Regulatory Enforcement and Inspections in the Environmental Sector of Peru

    To meet their policy objectives, regulations must be accompanied by a carefully designed and well-implemented enforcement strategy, including inspections. This report provides an assessment of the enforcement and inspections strategy in the environmental sector in Peru along with recommendations to strengthen this strategy. The report evaluates the policies and legal framework of the Environmental Evaluation and Enforcement Agency of Peru, as well as its practices and the resources employed in enforcement and inspections activities. It also offers policy options to improve performance. The benchmark for the comparative analysis is the OECD Regulatory Enforcement and Inspections Toolkit. Using a checklist of 12 criteria, this Toolkit provides a simple tool for assessing the inspection and enforcement system in a given jurisdiction, institution or structure.
  • 27-April-2020

    English

    SME and Entrepreneurship Policy in Brazil 2020

    This publication presents the findings of the OECD review of SME and entrepreneurship policy in Brazil. SMEs play an important role for economic growth and social inclusion in Brazil, accounting for 62% of total employment and 50% of national value added. However, productivity gaps between SMEs and large companies are wider in Brazil than in the OECD area, which is also the result of low innovation and export propensity among Brazilian SMEs. Business ownership and business creation are common, but growth-oriented entrepreneurship is much less widespread. Brazil’s SME policy is enshrined in the 1988 Federal Constitution, which grants to micro and small enterprises a preferential treatment in different policy areas (e.g. tax and labour law). Brazilian SME policies are, therefore, mostly aimed at this constituency, whereas mid-sized firms are largely missing in the national policy debate. Simples Nacional, a preferential tax and regulatory regime, is the main federal SME policy, but Brazil also operates a large number of targeted programmes for SMEs. This report provides policy recommendations to enhance Brazil’s SME and entrepreneurship performance, covering, among others, innovation policy, export support, access to finance, and women’s entrepreneurship.
  • 22-avril-2020

    Français

    La crise du Covid-19 met en évidence la nécessité de lutter contre la vente de faux médicaments, déclarent l’OCDE et l’EUIPO

    Les récentes saisies de fausses fournitures médicales vendues comme des remèdes contre le Covid-19 mettent en lumière la nécessité de faire face à un trafic international croissant de médicaments contrefaits, qui coûte chaque année des milliards d’euros et met des vies en danger, affirment l’OCDE et l’Office de l’Union européenne pour la propriété intellectuelle.

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