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  • 18-June-2019

    English

    OECD Investment Policy Reviews: Croatia 2019

    This review was prepared in response to Croatia's 2015 request to adhere to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. It assesses the climate for domestic and foreign investment in Croatia, its ability to comply with the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination and its policy convergence with the OECD Declaration, including responsible business conduct practices, and discusses the challenges and opportunities faced by the government of Croatia in its reform efforts. Capitalising on the OECD Policy Framework for Investment, this review includes chapters on foreign investment trends and performance, foreign investor entry and operations, the legal and institutional framework for investment protection, investment promotion and facilitation, public governance, and policies to promote and enable responsible business conduct.
  • 18-June-2019

    English

    Regulatory Policy in Croatia - Implementation is Key

    Croatia has made great strides in strengthening its regulatory policy framework. Improving the entire regulatory policy cycle will ensure that regulations are built on a foundation of solid evidence and public participation and are designed to improve the security, health and well-being of citizens at a reasonable cost. This report assesses the country’s regulatory management capacity by taking stock of regulatory policies, institutions and tools, including administrative simplification policies, ex ante and ex post evaluation of regulations, stakeholder engagement practices, multi-level regulatory governance arrangements and tax regimes for small businesses. The review describes trends and recent developments, identifies gaps in relation to good practices and offers policy recommendations based on best international practices to strengthen the government’s capacity to manage regulatory policy.
  • 18-June-2019

    English

    Tools and Ethics for Applied Behavioural Insights: The BASIC Toolkit

    Behavioural insights (BI) are lessons derived from the behavioural and social sciences, including decision making, psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, organisational and group behaviour. Public bodies around the world are increasingly using BI to design and implement better public policies based on evidence of the actual behaviour and biases of citizens and businesses. This toolkit provides practitioners and policy makers with a step-by-step process for analysing a policy problem, building strategies, and developing behaviourally informed interventions.
  • 15-juin-2019

    Français

    Réussir la décentralisation - Manuel à l’intention des décideurs

    Ce rapport traite des tendances actuelles des politiques de décentralisation des pays de l’OCDE et au-delà, et de la marche à suivre pour réussir la décentralisation. Parfois qualifiée de révolution « silencieuse » ou « discrète », la décentralisation compte parmi les réformes les plus importantes de ces cinquante dernières années. Les résultats que la décentralisation produit – en termes de démocratie, d’efficience, de transparence, de développement régional et local – dépendent pour une large part de la manière dont la décentralisation est pensée et mise en œuvre. Il est d’autant plus crucial de mettre autant que possible les avantages de la décentralisation au service du développement régional qu’il existe actuellement une « géographie du mécontentement » et une fracture grandissante entre les territoires qui se sentent les laissés pour compte de la mondialisation et des évolutions technologiques, et ceux qui peuvent profiter des possibilités offertes par les opportunités liées à la mondialisation. Ce rapport livre 10 principes directeurs pour une décentralisation efficace et propice au développement régional. Outre ces principes, il propose des outils pratiques à l’intention des décideurs, dont des ensembles de recommandations détaillées, des outils d'auto-évaluation, des indications sur les écueils à éviter et des exemples de bonnes pratiques, dans les pays à structure unitaire et fédérale.
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  • 13-June-2019

    English

    Fiscal Decentralisation and Inclusive Growth in Asia

    This report looks at the challenges faced by Asian countries in addressing inclusive growth and fiscal decentralisation. A series of studies examines how policies in the region have evolved in accordance with changes in demography and the economic environment, reflecting country characteristics, history and political economy forces.
  • 12-June-2019

    English

    International Forum on IP Enforcement 2019

    Event promoting evidence-based policy making, to reinforce co-operation between all international actors in resolving governance gaps in IP enforcement. The goal is to facilitate a common and coherent strategy to support effective IPR enforcement through proper governance frameworks within the EU, across OECD countries and internationally.

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  • 11-June-2019

    English

    Addressing Problematic Opioid Use in OECD Countries

    Over the past few years, Canada and the United States have been experiencing an opioid crisis as a result of problematic opioid use fueled by the emergence of synthetic opioids such as fentanyl and carfentanil. Problematic opioid use is also spreading in other OECD countries, due to the upward trend of prescription opioid use and the complexities of the illegal drug supply. This report presents evidence on the magnitude of problematic opioid use across OECD countries, describes the main drivers, and identifies a set of policy actions to address them. The report highlights the opioid crisis as a complex public health issue that requires a comprehensive approach across all sectors, including health, social services, and law enforcement. Strong health information systems are also needed, particularly data and research. Preventing problematic opioid use requires a combination of policies that ensure more information is provided to patients and health care practitioners, while providing access to appropriate pain management treatment for patients. A public health approach to problematic opioid use must incorporate socio-economic considerations (e.g. employment and housing), which also need to be addressed to prevent problematic substance use in general.
  • 4-June-2019

    English

    OECD Reviews of Evaluation and Assessment in Education: North Macedonia

    How can assessment and evaluation policies work together more effectively to improve student outcomes in primary and secondary schools? The country reports in this series analyse major issues facing evaluation and assessment policy to identify improvements that can be made to enhance the quality, equity and efficiency of school education.The Republic of North Macedonia has made remarkable progress in expanding access to education and strengthening institutional capacity. Yet, the majority of young Macedonians leave school without mastering the basic competencies for life and work and students’ background continues to influence performance. This review, developed in cooperation with UNICEF, provides North Macedonia with recommendations to help strengthen its evaluation and assessment system, by moving towards a system where assessment provides students with helpful feedback to improve learning. It will be of interest to North Macedonia, as well as other countries looking to make more effective use of their evaluation and assessment system to improve quality and equity, and result in better outcomes for all students.
  • 31-May-2019

    English

    Legal Needs Surveys and Access to Justice

    This report offers an empirical tool to help planners, statisticians, policy makers and advocates understand people's everyday legal problems and experience with the justice system. It sets out a framework for the conceptualisation, implementation and analysis of legal needs surveys and is informed by analysis of a wide range of national surveys conducted over the last 25 years. It provides guidance and recommendations in a modular way, allowing application into different types of surveys. It also outlines opportunities for legal needs-based indicators that strengthen our understanding of access to civil justice.
  • 20-mai-2019

    Français

    Dans un rapport conjoint, l’OCDE et la Banque mondiale appellent les gouvernements à améliorer la résilience aux catastrophes et aux risques budgétaires connexes

    Alors que le développement économique rapide et le changement climatique nous rendent plus vulnérables face aux catastrophes naturelles, l’OCDE et la Banque mondiale publient un nouveau rapport conjoint dans lequel elles préconisent une gestion anticipative des coûts financiers de ces catastrophes avant qu’elles ne surviennent.

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