By Date


  • 28-June-2018

    English

    OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Hungary 2018

    Hungary has made significant progress in decoupling its output growth from main environmental pressures, largely due to implementing requirements of EU directives. However, greenhouse gas emissions have started to pick up with the recent rebound of economic activity. Local air quality has not improved significantly, and water quality remains at risk. Important institutional challenges impede more effective implementation of environmental laws and policies. Hungary can accelerate the transition towards a low-carbon and greener economy, particularly by investing in residential energy efficiency and sound waste and material management, and better mainstreaming of biodiversity protection into sectoral economic policies.This is the third Environmental Performance Review of Hungary. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on waste, material management and circular economy, and biodiversity.
  • 26-June-2018

    English

    Why Do Countries Export Fakes? - The Role of Governance Frameworks, Enforcement and Socio-economic Factors

    This study provides an in-depth exploration of a series of factors that can explain a country’s propensity to export fake goods. The analysis explores the role and interplay of macroeconomic factors, governance variables, and the presence of Free Trade Zones, logistics facilities and trade facilitation. In addition, it analyses the role corrruption and enforcement of IP play in facilitating trade in counterfeit products, and provides data on these links.
  • 26-June-2018

    English

    Reshaping Decentralised Development Co-operation - The Key Role of Cities and Regions for the 2030 Agenda

    Over the last decades, and in line with the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015, cities and regions have played an important part in helping to implement global agendas at local levels through their Decentralised Development Cooperation (DDC) activities. This report analyses the evolution of financial flows, emerging trends and innovative paradigms related to the development co-operation of local and regional governments, including but not limited to official development assistance extended by sub-national governments . It promotes a territorial approach to development co-operation and provides policy recommendations to maximise the effectiveness, benefits and outcomes of DDC at all levels, while acknowledging the diversity of approaches, definitions and concepts across OECD DAC countries active in DDC.
  • 20-June-2018

    English

    Trade in Counterfeit Goods and the Italian Economy - Protecting Italy's intellectual property

    The Italian economy is innovative and rich in intellectual property (IP), with nearly every industry either producing or using IP. Italian IP-intensive industries are very well integrated in the global economy, through active participation in global value chains. At the same time, the threats of counterfeiting and piracy are growing – and Italy is vulnerable. This report measures the direct, economic effects of counterfeiting on Italian consumers, the Italian retail and manufacturing industry, and the Italian governments. It examines both the impact that the imports of fake products to Italy has on these three groups and the impact on the Italian intellectual property rights holders of the global trade in fake products that infringe their IP rights.
  • 20-juin-2018

    Français

    Le marché de la contrefaçon coûte des milliards d’euros à l’économie italienne

    Selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, le commerce mondial de produits italiens contrefaits (sacs à main ou montres de luxe, produits alimentaires ou encore pièces détachées automobiles) grève l’économie de la péninsule de quelque 1 à 2 % du PIB en termes de ventes non réalisées.

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  • 15-June-2018

    English

    Maintaining the Momentum of Decentralisation in Ukraine

    This Multi-level Governance Series study focuses on Ukraine’s advances in regional development, territorial reform and decentralisation since 2014. The Government launched a reform to merge local governments and strengthen the decentralisation process, giving additional power and resources to sub-national authorities. In a short period, successful steps have been taken toward achieving municipal mergers and greater fiscal, administrative and political decentralisation, complemented by the State Strategy for Regional Development 2015-2020. The first local elections have been held and more public services are being delivered by certain local authorities. Yet, important challenges remain, ranging from a need to address rising disparities and adjusting multi-level governance practices and territorial structures, to better structuring fiscal decentralisation. This report addresses regional performance and disparities in Ukraine, provides insight into Ukraine’s current territorial reform and approach to decentralisation, explores the impact of fiscal decentralisation measures, and includes a case study of the transport sector. It also provides a set of recommendations for action to support Ukraine in meeting the conditions for successful decentralisation.
  • 8-June-2018

    English

    Benchmarking Civil Service Reform in Kazakhstan

    Civil service modernisation is a key priority in Kazakhstan. This report uses the OECD's Survey on Strategic Human Resource Management (HRM) in central governments to examine how Kazakhstan’s practices compare against OECD countries in several strategic areas. It explores how Kazakhstan is looking at skills and competencies throughout the employment cycle; how performance and pay systems contribute to improving public service quality, accessibility and responsiveness; and the role leaders and managers play in the reform implementation process. The report suggests areas for further improvement to help Kazakhstan develop a professional, strategic and innovative civil service.
  • 31-May-2018

    English

    Gender Equality in Canada - Mainstreaming, Governance and Budgeting

    Canada has a long-standing commitment to gender equality and an increasingly ambitious agenda to create a truly inclusive society. Recently, the Government of Canada has been strengthening the federal framework for the governance of gender equality policies by developing institutions, policies, tools and accountability structures. This OECD review of gender equality in Canada makes a number of recommendations to further develop this governance framework. It also assesses Canada’s progress in gender budgeting and provides recommendations for developing a more comprehensive, systematic and sustainable approach.
  • 31-mai-2018

    Français

    Le Canada montre le chemin sur le sujet de l’inclusion et l’emancipation des femmes, selon l’OCDE

    Ces dernières années, le Canada a progresse de manière importante sur le sujet de l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes, en mettant en place des institutions, des politiques et des outils ainsi que des dispositifs de contrôle qui font de ce pays un chef de file de la poursuite d’un objectif de plus en plus considéré comme l’une des pierres angulaires de la croissance inclusive, selon une nouvelle étude de l’OCDE.

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  • 30-mai-2018

    Français

    Semaine de l’OCDE

    La Semaine de l’OCDE 2018 s'est déroulée au siège de l’OCDE à Paris du 28 mai au 1er juin. Elle comprend le Forum de l’OCDE, la Réunion du Conseil de l’OCDE au niveau des Ministres (RCM), les assemblées générales du BIAC et du TUAC, une conférence G20/OCDE sur les échanges, un séminaire du B20, une réunion informelle des Ministres du Commerce ainsi que le Forum économique international sur l'Amérique latine et les Caraïbes.

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