Fiscal Federalism 2016 surveys recent trends and policies in intergovernmental fiscal relations and sub-central government. Accessible and easy-to read chapters provide insight: into growing spending and tax devolution; the fiscal constitutions of federal countries; how immovable property taxation is regaining its former significance; on the true spending power of sub central governments; on the mix between own tax resources and intergovernmental grants; and on the role of fiscal rules and good budget frameworks for sustainable debt management at the state and local level.
The effective use of school resources is a policy priority across OECD countries. The OECD Reviews of School Resources explore how resources can be governed, distributed, utilised and managed to improve the quality, equity and efficiency of school education.
The series considers four types of resources: financial resources, such as public funding of individual schools; human resources, such as teachers, school leaders and education administrators; physical resources, such as location, buildings and equipment; and other resources, such as learning time.
This series offers timely policy advice to both governments and the education community. It includes both country reports and thematic studies.
In Hungary, young people want to have bigger families, but concerns over issues like housing and striking a work-life balance appear to be obstacles. In response, the government has introduced a range of family-friendly policies–a vital step in helping families fulfil their dreams and in meeting the challenge of a rapidly ageing population.
This review analyses the governance and institutional framework of digital government in Chile. It is based on the OECD Recommendation on Digital Government Strategies. It first benchmarks the institutional arrangements of ten advanced countries in the field of digital government, assessing their strategies, digital government units or bodies and policy levers, as well as the co-ordination mechanisms in place. The review then provides an in-depth look at the institutional set-up of digital government in Chile. The assessment reveals that the governance of digital government in Chile would benefit from a stronger legal basis, providing the unit leading the work on digital government with a better grounding and the necessary levers to drive the digital transformation of government and public services. Based on this analysis, the OECD advances two alternative recommendations to strengthen the institutional framework of digital government to foster public sector productivity, enhance efficiencies and improve service delivery. The strengths and weaknesses of the alternatives discussed in detail. The review includes a roadmap for the implementation of both alternatives.
OECD work on applying behavioural insights in public policy.
Le Maroc est en train de réformer son cadre légal, politique et institutionnel de lutte contre la corruption et de bonne gouvernance. Cette revue fonctionnelle analyse deux institutions marocaines, l’Instance centrale de prévention de la corruption (ICPC) et l'Institution du Médiateur du Royaume (IMR), dont les mandats respectifs ont été modifiés par la nouvelle Constitution de 2011 afin de renforcer leur rôle dans le système de l’intégrité du pays. Elle examine les cadres législatifs, institutionnels et politiques des institutions, et propose des recommandations afin de permettre à l’ICPC (qui deviendra la nouvelle Instance nationale de la probité, de la prévention et de la lutte contre la corruption) d’assumer le plus efficacement possible son rôle. Ainsi, elle vise à permettre à l’ICPC de jouir pleinement de ses nouvelles prérogatives s’agissant de répression de la corruption. La revue permet également à ce que l’IMR, qui gère les plaintes des citoyens en rapports avec l’administration publique, puisse agir du mieux possible en vue d’altérer positivement les malversations au sein du secteur public. Le rapport analyse la place de ces deux institutions dans le cadre global de gouvernance au Maroc. Il propose des réformes pour améliorer la coopération entre les institutions publiques ainsi qu’avec les acteurs de la société civile dans l’intérêt de la population civile marocaine.
Meeting of the Working Group I on Civil Service and Integrity - 18 April 2016
While infrastructure investment remains a key focus of international efforts to jump start growth in OECD countries and trigger sustainable economic development elsewhere, it presents a range of challenges for policy makers. This report finds that in many cases, it is governance problems rather than financing, that are responsible for sub-optimal outcomes.
Blog article asks if our democratic processes are more responsive to the rich than they are to the poor and the middle class?
A set of clear standards of conduct for public officials can provide a critical tool for governments to promote openness, transparency and accountability in the public sector and eventually restore citizens’ trust in government. With a view to strengthening the ethics framework, the Palestinian Authority has undertaken significant progress to implement a Code of Conduct and Ethics for its civil service. This report analyses the underlining factors of an effective Code of Conduct in the overall framework of public governance reform to build open and transparent institutions. The report traces the evolution of the code from the first draft to the adopted document and discusses the final version against OECD recommendations and international good practices. The report provides actionable policy recommendations to operationalise the code towards a stronger governance framework for public sector integrity in the Palestinian Authority. The report points to the code’s strategic role alongside other measures to upgrade the ethics framework and sets an agenda to drive effective implementation in line with international principles of ethics and open government in the Palestinian Authority.