Japan is embarked on a demographic transition without precedent in human history: the population is both declining and ageing rapidly. This raises important questions about the country's future economic geography, as public policies will need both to respond to these shifts and also to shape them. Demographic change will have particularly important implications for the settlement pattern of the country, and this, in turn, will affect Japan's ability to sustain economic growth and the well-being of its citizens. This Review therefore focuses on the spatial implications of demographic change and the response of spatial policies to it, particularly as these interact with other policies aimed at sustaining the productivity growth that a "super-ageing" Japan will need in order to maintain its future prosperity. The Japanese authorities have recently put in place a complex package of long-term spatial and structural policies aimed at meeting this challenge. Their experience should be of first-order interest to other OECD countries, as most face the prospect of rapid population ageing and many are also projected to experience significant population decline over the coming decades.
Compare how cities across the world are shaping up to the challenges of water governance. Analysis includes a range of governance issues including stakeholder engagement, water loss, sanitation and access to drinking water.
On 29-30 September 2015, the E-Leaders meeting will discuss how the Public Sector can make better use of public sector intelligence for policymaking and implementation, by better exploiting digital technologies and data, by embedding data use throughout the policy cycle, and by putting in place governance arrangements to ensure responsible and coherent use of data that benefits citizens and strengthens public trust?
Avec une dette publique brute de 226 % du PIB, le Japon se trouve dans une situation budgétaire sans précédent, qui met en péril son économie. Le Japon a besoin d'un programme d'assainissement budgétaire précis et crédible, prévoyant des mesures spécifiques d'accroissement des recettes et de maîtrise des dépenses, afin de renouer avec la viabilité budgétaire.
The OECD event "Risk Governance and Resilient Cities" will examine how risk governance can better manage complex risks and how to improve the resilience of cities to these risks.
The Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth will address cities’ unique role in creating synergies between environmental and economic objectives to advance green growth. Asian cities in particular are at the centre of this challenge. This event is organised as a commemorative event for the 50th Anniversary of Japan's Accession to the OECD.
Country notes outlining regional variations in health, jobs, safety, environment, access to services, civic engagement, housing, education, income, and employment. These notes are from the OECD publication "How's Life in Your Region?".
Getting regions and cities 'right', adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work, is vital to improving citizens’ well-being. View the country factsheets from the publication OECD Regional Outlook 2014.
Individual country notes assessing how regions and cities contribute to national growth and the well-being of society.
Selon une nouvelle étude publiée par l'OCDE, la crise économique mondiale a eu d’importantes répercussions sur le bien-être des populations, qui s’étendent bien au-delà des suppressions d’emplois et de la perte de revenus puisqu’elles influent sur la satisfaction des individus à l’égard de leur vie et sur leur confiance dans les pouvoirs publics.