Bandung Metropolitan Area (BMA) is home to 8.6 million people and is Indonesia’s second-largest urban agglomeration. Rapid growth has created a number of challenges for the city, including traffic congestion, air pollution, municipal solid waste and water access and management. The BMA also faces several acute disaster risks primarily related to flooding and seismic activity. The area will need to address these challenges in order to continue sustainable development and to benefit from its environmental assets.
Urban green growth policies encourage economic development while reducing either its negative environmental or the consumption of natural resources and environmental assets, including water, energy and undeveloped land. This report, part of the OECD Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia project, explores policies, practices and governance systems to promote green growth in Bandung, Indonesia, and provides recommendations for enhancing Bandung’s green growth potential.
Revenue Statistics in Asian Countries is jointly undertaken by the OECD Centre for Tax Policy and Administration and the OECD Development Centre. It compiles comparable tax revenue statistics for Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Korea and Japan. The model is the OECD Revenue Statistics database which is a fundamental reference, backed by a well-established methodology, for OECD member countries. Extending the OECD methodology to Asian countries enables comparisons about tax levels and tax structures on a consistent basis, both among Asian economies and between OECD and Asian economies. A special feature in this edition provides country profiles on recent tax administration and related reforms in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines.
This publication provides internationally comparable data on tax levels and tax structures for Indonesia and Malaysia. The model is the OECD Revenue Statistics database which is a fundamental reference, backed by a well-established methodology, for OECD member countries. By extending this OECD methodology to Asian countries, Revenue Statistics in Asian Countries enables meaningful cross-country comparisons about tax levels and structures not only between Asian economies, but also between them and their industrialised peers. Future editions will cover additional Asian countries.
L’Indonésie a beaucoup amélioré son système fiscal au cours de la dernière décennie, tant en ce qui concerne le montant des recettes collectées que l’efficience administrative. Néanmoins, les recettes fiscales restent faibles au regard de la nécessité d’accroître les dépenses consacrées aux infrastructures et à la protection sociale.
L’Indonésie a amélioré ses politiques macroéconomiques et structurelles au cours des quinze dernières années. Son économie, qui enregistre des taux de croissance élevés et stables de 5 à 6.6 % rattrape celle des autres pays de la région et lui permet de concentrer son attention sur son programme de développement.
Ce rapport identifie des conclusions à mettre en œuvre par le gouvernement de l'Indonésie afin de renforcer les systèmes existants et d’améliorer la coordination des pratiques de gestion réglementaire et d’établir des cadres stratégiques clairs et des responsabilités institutionnelles pour la réforme de la réglementation.
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This report analyses the institutional set-up and use of policy instruments in Indonesia and examines capacity of Indonesia's national government to assure high quality regulation.
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This report assesses Indonesia‘s regulatory settings for ports, rail and shipping, and makes recommendations for improving the design and implementation of legal and institutional arrangements to improve economic performance in these sectors.
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This report analyses the institutional set-up and use of policy instruments in Indonesia and in particular examines competition advocacy, competition policy and the transport sector, what progress has been made since the UNCTAD and OECD reviews of 2009 and 2010, and institutional arrangements.
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This report focuses on the market openness aspects of regulatory reform in Indonesia to devise recommendations for improving the country's regulatory processes. These recommendations involve institutionalising independent and objective evaluations of policies from an economy-wide perspective, as well as instituting a process by which broad public consultations are systematically required.