Individual country notes assessing how regions and cities contribute to national growth and the well-being of society.
This working paper offers an evaluation of the performance of ports of Antofagasta, an analysis of the impact of the ports on their territory and an assessment of policies in this field. It examines port performance over the last decades and identifies the principal factors that have contributed to it.
Chile has been very successful in turning its natural resource endowments into a generator of growth and modernisation. However, its mining regions, including Antofagasta, face the challenge of developing a critically important primary sector in a manner that contributes to both economic growth and broader measures of well-being. Antofagasta's long term sustainability goals include a more diversified economic base, supported by a city that is lived in for its high quality of life and the opportunities it offers. To achive this, it will need to make the most of its natural endowments, improve the city's physical attractiveness and ensure better urban policy outcomes. It will also require regional and local actors to act in a strategic and innovative manner. This study focuses on economic diversification, urbanism and governance in the city of Antofagasta. Consideration is given to: economic and socio-economic trends such as those associated with labour markets and skills, as well as quality of life factors; opportunities for specialisation, diversification and innovation within and beyond the mining cluster, including throught its port network; urban policy challenges especially in land use, waste management, environment and public transport; and to the role of public governance in helping the city realise its economic and quality of life objectives.
The OECD Urban Policy Review of Chile explores the structure and challenges of urban policy in Chile. It examines urban development frameworks and sector policies, and makes recommendations for revitalising Chile's urban governance architecture.
Les pays d’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes connaissent une croissance démographique plus rapide que la moyenne mondiale ainsi qu’une intensification de l’exploitation des sols et de l’urbanisation. La région est aussi exposée aux effets négatifs du changement climatique et sujette à des catastrophes naturelles, ce qui ne fait qu’accentuer les pressions qui pèsent sur ses ressources naturelles.
OECD signed agreement for a peer review with the Comptroller General of Chile
Cette page présente les développements récents en matière de politique réglementaire au Chili : Un rapport examine les évaluations ex post des lois au Chili et formule des recommendations liées aux questions institutionnelles, méthodologiques et de gouvernance. Des informations sont également fournies sur différents différents séminaires qui ont eu lieu en 2012.
Le groupe de travail des Hauts responsables du budget (HRB) entreprend des examens nationaux des systèmes budgétaires.
This report focuses on international practices of ex post evaluation, and particularly on the current efforts to conduct ex post evaluation of laws in Chile. It is divided in two main parts.
The first part of the report provides information and guidance, examples of practice and references on the subject of ex post evaluation in OECD countries, particularly in the Legislative area. It looks at the different definitions of, and motivations for, undertaking evaluation. There is no single template for undertaking ex post legislative evaluation. The objectives and methods to be used will depend on factors such as the nature of the law to be evaluated and the parliamentary and governmental context in which the evaluation takes place.
In the second part the report evaluates the current system and process of ex post evaluation of laws in Chile. It discusses the efforts made by the recently established Law Evaluation Department in the Chamber of Representatives, in the framework of the law making process of the country. It revises the current practices in both branches of government, executive and legislative, to conduct ex post evaluation of laws and regulations, as well as the formal and informal mechanisms to prepare laws and regulations and their possible ex post review. The paper revises as well the current programme for law evaluation launched by the Chamber of Representatives and it analyses its main components, in particular methodological approaches and inclusion of citizens‘ perceptions as a tool to increase transparency.
The report concludes with an assessment of the main challenges that the law evaluation work is facing in Chile and makes some recommendations related to institutional, methodological and governance issues.
Si les conditions de logement se sont bien améliorées au Chili, quelque 10 % de la population vit encore dans des habitations surpeuplées, de mauvaise qualité et avec un accès limité aux services de base.