Water is abundant in Brazil, but unevenly distributed across regions and users. Remarkable progress to reform the sector has been achieved since the 1997 National Water Law, but economic, climate and urbanisation trends generate threats that may jeopardize national growth and development. The consequences are particularly acute in regions where tensions across water users already exist or are likely to grow. The report is the result of a policy dialogue with more than 100 stakeholders at different levels in Brazil. It assesses the performance of Brazil’s water governance and suggests policy recommendations for strengthening the co-ordination between federal and state water policies and for setting up more robust water allocation regimes that can better cope with future risks. The report concludes with an action plan, which suggests concrete milestones and champion institutions to implement those recommendations.
The recent droughts in Brazil’s Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo states have exposed the need to shift from crisis management to effective risk governance of the country’s water resources, according to a new OECD report.
Depuis quelques années, la croissance de l’économie brésilienne profite d’importants programmes publics d’investissement et à vocation sociale qui mobilisent des ressources à l’échelle du pays. Ces programmes pourraient aider le Brésil à atteindre ses objectifs de pérennisation de la croissance économique et de promotion du développement social, en même temps que son objectif de réduction des disparités régionales.
The OECD review of Brazil explores regional trends and development in Brazil. It looks at how regional policies can promote growth and foster social inclusion, and the role of multi-level governance in implementing effective regional development policies.
Brazil’s supreme audit institution – the Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) – has began a process to reform its audit of the Accounts of the President of the Republic to enhance transparency and accountability of federal budget execution.
These country notes profile public sector human resource practices and policies, covering issues including legal frameworks; age and gender composition of workers; public sector restructuring; management practices; industrial relations and reforms.
Les pays d’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes connaissent une croissance démographique plus rapide que la moyenne mondiale ainsi qu’une intensification de l’exploitation des sols et de l’urbanisation. La région est aussi exposée aux effets négatifs du changement climatique et sujette à des catastrophes naturelles, ce qui ne fait qu’accentuer les pressions qui pèsent sur ses ressources naturelles.
Brazil’s agenda to enhance integrity and prevent corruption is particularly critical in order to address a number of challenges facing the country’s public administration. The challenges include managing risks associated with innovation in public service delivery, achieving value for money and minimising waste in government operations and meeting the expectations of citizens regarding the conduct of public organisations.
This report is the first integrity review of a G20 country undertaken by the OECD. It assesses the implementation and coherence of instruments, processes and structures to create a culture of integrity and to manage risks affecting the operations and performance of public organisations.
The report analyses four main areas of focus : (i) promoting transparency and citizen engagement; (ii) implementing risk-based systems of internal control; (iii) embedding high standards of conduct; and (iv) enhancing integrity in public procurement.
It is complemented by three case studies to highlight issues of integrity management at the level of individual public functions, organisations and programmes: the federal tax administration, the Family Grant (a conditional cash transfer) Programme; and the National STD/AIDS Programme.
The OECD held a week-long series meetings with the Brazil’s Supreme Audit Institution (Tribunal de Contas da União or TCU) to present the preliminary main findings and policy recommendations of its peer review of the TCU audit of the year-end government report (Prestação de Contas da Presidenta de República).
Le groupe de travail des Hauts responsables du budget (HRB) entreprend des examens nationaux des systèmes budgétaires.