English, , 212kb
The Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA, the Results Act) established a performance management framework for federal departments and agencies. The framework consists of agency Strategic Plans, Annual Performance Plans and Annual Performance Reports. Additionally, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) annually prepares a Government-wide Performance Plan. Approximately 100 Cabinet departments,
English, , 234kb
This paper discusses the uses of outcomes in public sector management inNew Zealand. It begins by describing the overall public management systemwithin which government departments operate, and how outcomes are usedwithin this system. It then outlines some work that is underway to improve thefocus on outcomes, and the way that outcomes are used within the system. Theremainder of the paper is a series of case studies of innovative uses
English, , 212kb
In 1998, the Government of the United Kingdom conducted a ComprehensiveSpending Review which examined the resources allocated to each area of spending,and for the first time decided on and published the service improvementsand reforms required in return for the resources allocated to departments’expenditure programmes. These requirements were set out in Public ServiceAgreements (PSAs) for every central government department published
English, , 164kb
The introduction in the early 1980s of a privately managed pension system in Chile attracted world-wide attention. This article describes the new system and the reform process, with a special emphasis on the fiscal impacts.
English, , 504kb
The Commonwealth Government of Australia introduced an accrual-basedoutcomes and outputs budgeting and reporting framework in 1999-2000. The framework seeks to focus public-sector decision making and accountabilityon three core issues - outcomes, outputs and performance indicators.
English, , 176kb
This article describes the introduction of a government-wide policy evaluationsystem that is underway in Japan, exemplified by the policy appraisal-evaluationsystem of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI, theformer Ministry of International Trade and Industry). The initiative in METI wasstarted in December 1999, preceding the implementation of a government-widesystem. "Policy evaluation" as a term is not limited, in this
English, , 224kb
In the context of English-speaking countries, the term agency is used as an umbrella concept for different forms of what is called in the Dutch context "privatisation" (i.e. devolution and delegation of power to more autonomous bodies). To assist in understanding the Dutch situation, this paper will discuss first a conceptual framework which runs as a thread through this chapter...
English, , 243kb
Canada’s experience in creating new organisational forms for service delivery is a product of its distinct culture and its political form, federalism. In 1867, Canada adopted a federal form of government. Because the new country included diverse linguistic, cultural and regional communities, federalism was seen as a compromise between full integration of the independent colonies and the status quo. Its champions thought that it would
English, , 277kb
One of the major challenges faced by transitional economies has been to adjust institutions that were designed to function in a planning environment to function in an increasingly market-oriented environment. One of the most important of these institutional reforms has been the restructuring of the budget system. The latter should be interpreted quite widely to encompass the institutional framework as well as the administrative
English, , 153kb
Federal budget procedures in the United States require forecasts and projections over several distinct periods of time: short term (18-24 months ahead), medium term (both 5- and 10-year horizons), and long term (as much as 75 years in the future). In the United States, the intermediate estimates have taken on increased significance with many press accounts referring to 10-year estimates. In addition to various time periods, the