Working Papers


  • 7-May-2014

    English, PDF, 13,441kb

    Comments action 2 Hybrid Mismatch Arrangements

    Comments on Action item 2 - Hybrid Mismatch Arrangements

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  • 24-December-2013

    English

    The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

    This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

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  • 3-octobre-2013

    Français

    La taxe carbone et la crise financière en Irlande - Document de travail sur l'environnement No. 59

    Ce rapport décrit les caractéristiques de cette taxe, ses intéractions avec le rééquilibrage budgétaire et les obligations de prélèvements fiscaux, examine ses conséquences pour la compétitivité et le transfert d’émissions de carbone, son efficacité environnementale, et tire des conclusions sur les raisons qui ont poussé l’Irlande à faire ce choix.

  • 1-juillet-2013

    Français

    L’Italie et la crise de la zone euro : assurer la viabilité des finances publiques et la stabilité financière

    La politique d’assainissement des finances publiques de l’Italie et ses réformes structurelles porteuses de croissance ont nettement amélioré ses perspectives économiques, mais il reste que la mauvaise image du pays sur le marché de la dette souveraine, ces dernières années, a des causes profondes.

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  • 23-avril-2013

    Français

    Réduire les distorsions dues au système fiscal en Suisse

    En Suisse, la pression fiscale est faible par comparaison avec les autres pays, ce qui s’explique dans une large mesure par l’importance des contributions obligatoires non fiscales aux systèmes de santé et de retraite qui sont gérés par des institutions privées. L’imposition des revenus des personnes physiques et des rémunérations du travail est relativement élevée, tandis que les impôts sur la consommation sont faibles.

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  • 19-September-2012

    English

    OECD Taxation Working Paper No. 13: Taxes and Investment in Skills

    This paper considers the influence of taxes on the financial incentive to invest in human capital and explores the tax treatment of private investment by individuals and employers in post-compulsory education and lifelong learning in 31 OECD countries, India and South Africa.

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  • 26-July-2012

    English

    Trends in Personal Income Tax and Employee Social Security Contribution Schedules

    To shed light on the determinants of average and marginal personal tax rates, this paper discusses historical and cross-country trends in statutory personal income tax rates, the income thresholds where personal income tax and employee social security contribution rates apply, and other statutory provisions that shape the tax burden on labour income in OECD countries.

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  • 26-July-2012

    English

    Shifting from Social Security Contributions to Consumption Taxes

    This paper investigates the merits of increasing work incentives for low-income workers by shifting part of the tax burden from social security contributions (SSC) to consumption taxes (specifically VAT) in 13 European OECD countries.

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  • 3-November-2011

    English

    Non-Tax Compulsory Payments as an Additional Burden on Labour Income

    In 23 of the 34 OECD member countries, it is compulsory for employers and/ or employees to make additional payments, in addition to taxes and social security contributions, which increase the overall burden on labour income. These non-tax compulsory payments, which are typically paid to privatelymanaged funds, will either increase the employer’s labour costs or reduce the employee’s net take-home pay in a similar way to taxes,

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  • 3-November-2011

    English

    Corporate Taxation and SMEs: The Italian Experience

    This paper focuses on the tax impediments faced by small and medium-sized enterprises in Italy. The fact that small businesses are characterized by financing constraints and have less access to bank loans is often emphasized as an argument in favour of a special tax treatment for small enterprises. On the one hand, however, the evidence that SMEs suffer severe financing constraints is not overwhelming; on the other hand, tax relief

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