Reports


  • 18-April-2016

    English

    Illicit Trade - Converging Criminal Networks

    This report assesses the magnitude, flows and drivers of illicit trade and the illegal economy including: narcotics, human trafficking, wildlife, sports betting, counterfeit medicines, alcohol and tobacco. The negative socio-economic impacts that these markets have in consumer countries are as worrisome as the goverance gaps that are exploited in source countries. This report examines each illicit sector in terms of the geographic sources, destinations and key trade routes, the current trend of infiltration by organized crime networks, and good practices or future policy solutions with which to combat illicit trade within the various sectors.

  • 14-April-2016

    English, PDF, 223kb

    OECD Secretary-General's tax report to G20 Finance Ministers (April 2016)

    This report highlights the progress we have made to date to improve global tax transparency, identifying the weaknesses which remain, and outlining possible next steps where the OECD can work to support a collective response to these latest developments.

    Related Documents
  • 11-avril-2016

    Français

    Règles de communication obligatoire d'informations, Action 12 - Rapport final 2015

    À ce jour, l’une des principales difficultés rencontrées par les administrations fiscales à travers le monde est l’absence d’accès en temps voulu à des informations complètes et pertinentes sur les stratégies de planification fiscale agressive. Les régimes de communication obligatoire d’informations peuvent permettre aux pays de réagir rapidement face aux risques fiscaux en offrant un accès en temps opportun à de telles informations. Ce rapport passe en revue les régimes de communication obligatoire d’informations à partir de l’expérience de pays qui en sont dotés, et formule des recommandations en vue d’établir un cadre modulaire à l’intention des pays qui souhaitent mettre en œuvre un régime de communication obligatoire d’informations permettant d’obtenir très tôt des renseignements sur les stratégies de planification fiscale à caractère potentiellement agressif ou abusif et sur leurs utilisateurs. Les recommandations offrent la latitude nécessaire pour trouver un juste équilibre entre la nécessité pour l’administration fiscale d’obtenir, en temps utile, des renseignements de meilleure qualité et les contraintes de respect des règles pour les contribuables. Le rapport énonce en outre des recommandations spécifiques portant sur les règles qui ciblent les dispositifs fiscaux internationaux et visant à concevoir et mettre en place une coopération et des échanges de renseignements plus efficaces entre administrations fiscales.

  • 1-April-2016

    English

    Revenue Statistics in Africa

    The publication Revenue Statistics in Africa is jointly undertaken by the OECD Centre for Tax Policy and Administration and the OECD Development Centre, the African Union Commission (AUC) and the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF). It compiles comparable tax revenue and non-tax revenue statistics for eight countries in Africa: Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Mauritius, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa and Tunisia. The model is the OECD Revenue Statistics database which is a fundamental reference, backed by a well-established methodology, for OECD member countries. Extending the OECD methodology to African countries enables comparisons about tax levels and tax structures on a consistent basis, both among African economies and with OECD, Latin  American, Caribbean and Asian economies.

  • 30-mars-2016

    Français

    Empêcher les mesures visant à éviter artificiellement le statut d'établissement stable, Action 7 - Rapport final 2015

    Ce rapport propose des changements à apporter à la définition de l’établissement stable figurant dans le Modèle de Convention fiscale de l’OCDE afin de s’attaquer aux stratégies utilisées pour éviter d’avoir une présence imposable dans un pays au regard des conventions fiscales. À l’issue de ces modifications, lorsque les activités qu’un intermédiaire exerce dans un pays ont pour finalité d’aboutir à la conclusion régulière de contrats avec une entreprise étrangère, cette entreprise devrait être considérée comme ayant un lien imposable suffisant dans ce pays, sauf si l’intermédiaire accomplit ces activités dans le cadre d’un commerce indépendant. Ces modifications limiteront également l’application d’un certain nombre d’exceptions à la définition de l’établissement stable aux activités ayant un caractère préparatoire ou auxiliaire, et empêcheront de pouvoir prétendre à l’avantage de ces exceptions en fragmentant un ensemble économiquement cohérent en plusieurs petites activités ; enfin, elles porteront sur les situations dans lesquelles l’exception applicable aux chantiers de construction est contournée par le fractionnement de contrats entre entreprises étroitement liées.

  • 24-mars-2016

    Français

    Lutter plus efficacement contre les pratiques fiscales dommageables, en prenant en compte la transparence et la substance, Action 5 - Rapport final 2015

    Les régimes préférentiels continuent de poser problème. Les préoccupations actuelles sont liées pour l’essentiel aux régimes préférentiels qui peuvent être utilisés pour transférer artificiellement des bénéfices et au manque de transparence entourant des décisions administratives relatives à des contribuables. Le rapport définit une méthodologie approuvée par les pays pour établir l’existence d’une activité substantielle. Dans le cas des régimes relatifs à la propriété intellectuelle tels que les régimes spéciaux applicables aux brevets (« patent boxes »), un consensus s’est dégagé autour de l’approche du « lien ». Dans cette approche, les dépenses réalisées dans le pays est le critère retenu pour mesurer l’activité substantielle, ce qui permet d’assurer que les contribuables qui bénéficient d’un régime préférentiel ont bien conduit des activités de recherche‑développement et effectué les dépenses correspondantes. Ce principe est applicable à d’autres régimes préférentiels, de sorte que la réalisation d’une activité substantielle devienne la condition à l’octroi d’avantages fiscaux au contribuable, et que ce dernier soit tenu de prouver qu’il a bien réalisé les principales activités génératrices de revenu. Dans une optique de transparence, un cadre d’échange spontané de renseignements a été adopté pour couvrir les décisions de l’administration qui seraient susceptibles, en l’absence d’un tel échange, de soulever des préoccupations en matière de BEPS. Le rapport décrit également les résultats obtenus par l’application à différents régimes préférentiels des facteurs définis par le Forum sur les pratiques fiscales dommageables, de l’exigence d’une activité substantielle et des nouvelles mesures en faveur de la transparence.

  • 21-March-2016

    English

    Country-by-Country Reporting XML Schema: User Guide for Tax Administrations and Taxpayers

    This publication contains the User Guide for the OECD’s standardised electronic format for the exchange of Country-by-Country (CbC) Reports between jurisdictions – the CbC XML Schema. The CbC XML Schema is part of the OECD’s work to ensure the swift and efficient implementation of the BEPS measures, endorsed by G20 Leaders as part of the final BEPS Package in November 2015.

    Related Documents
  • 14-March-2016

    English

    Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes Peer Reviews: Georgia 2016 - Phase 2: Implementation of the Standard in Practice

    This report contains the 2014 “Phase 2: Implementation of the Standards in Practice” Global Forum review of Georgia.

    The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 130 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing.

    The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention.

    The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. “Fishing expeditions” are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard.

    All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction’s legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined – Phase 1 plus Phase 2 – reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.

  • 14-March-2016

    English

    Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes Peer Reviews: Kenya 2016 - Phase 2: Implementation of the Standard in Practice

    This report contains the 2014 “Phase 2: Implementation of the Standards in Practice” Global Forum review of Kenya.

    The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 130 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing.

    The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention.

    The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. “Fishing expeditions” are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard.

    All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction’s legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined – Phase 1 plus Phase 2 – reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.

  • 14-March-2016

    English

    Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes Peer Reviews: Botswana 2016 - Phase 2: Implementation of the Standard in Practice

    This report contains the 2014 “Phase 2: Implementation of the Standards in Practice” Global Forum review of Botswana.

    The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 130 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing.

    The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention.

    The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. “Fishing expeditions” are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard.

    All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction’s legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined – Phase 1 plus Phase 2 – reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.

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