Publications & Documents


  • 6-March-2013

    English

    2nd Global Forum on Transfer Pricing: Addressing Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

    Base erosion is a serious threat to the viability of our countries. It constitutes a major risk to tax revenues, tax sovereignty and tax fairness, said Angel Gurría in his opening remarks at the 2nd Global Forum on Transfer Pricing.

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  • 6-March-2013

    English

    Tax and Development - Aid Modalities for Strengthening Tax Systems

    Tax revenues provide governments with funds to invest in development, relieve poverty, deliver public services and build the physical and social infrastructure for long-term growth. Moreover, there are mutually beneficial links between taxation and good governance. Tax and Development: Aid Modalities for Strengthening Tax Systems highlights how taxation can have a positive effect on the quality of governance and a government’s relationship with citizens and, in turn, how good governance can have a positive effect on compliance and revenue mobilisation.

    How can international assistance providers, including OECD members, international and regional organisations, support the development of tax systems in developing countries? Tax and Development: Aid Modalities for Strengthening Tax Systems provides practical guidance for policy makers and practitioners based on the results of an extensive literature review, a survey of aid agency officials and six country case studies (Ghana, Guatemala, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, and Tanzania). It examines the aid instruments that donors use to assist developing countries including general and sector budget support, basket financing, stand-alone bilateral aid and funding South-South organisations. The strengths and weaknesses of each modality for supporting tax systems are identified, and some 50 recommendations to support the development of effective, efficient and growth-oriented tax systems in developing countries are provided.

  • 4-March-2013

    English

    Fragile States - Resource Flows and Trends

    By 2015, half of the world’s people living on less than USD 1.25 a day will be in fragile states. While poverty has decreased globally, progress on Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 is slower in fragile states than in other developing countries. Fragile states are also off-track to meet the rest of the MDGs by 2015.

    Fragile situations became a central concern of the international development and security agenda in the 1990s. Since then, powerful forces have been influencing the causes and manifestations of fragility, including the combination of democratic aspirations, new technologies, demographic shifts and climate change. The last five years have been especially tumultuous, encompassing the 2008 food, fuel and financial crisis and the Arab Spring, which began in 2011.

    These events have influenced the international debate on the nature, relevance and implications of fragility. While situations of fragility clearly have common elements – including poverty, inequality and vulnerability – how can we make sense of the great diversity in their national income, endowment in natural resources or historical trajectories? How do we move towards a more substantive concept of fragility that goes beyond a primary focus on the quality of government policies and institutions to include a broader picture of the economy and society?

    This publication takes stock of i) the evolution of fragility as a concept, ii) analyses of financial flows to and within fragile states between 2000 and 2010, and iii) trends and issues that are likely to shape fragility in the years to come.
  • 1-March-2013

    English

    Albania signs the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

    Albania has become the 43rd country to sign the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

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  • 26-février-2013

    Français

    Le Forum mondial sur la transparence fiscale accueille deux nouveaux membres : l'Azerbaïdjan et le Royaume du Lesotho

    L'Azerbaïdjan et le Royaume du Lesotho viennent de rejoindre le Forum mondial sur la transparence et l’échange de renseignements à des fins fiscales. En tant que 119e et 120e membres du Forum mondial, ils participeront au processus d’examen par les pairs qui a vocation à encourager tous les pays à pratiquer l’échange effectif de renseignements à des fins fiscales.

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  • 22-February-2013

    English

    Measuring Fiscal Decentralisation, Concepts and Policies

    This book deals with two issues. The first concerns the various measurement of fiscal decentralization in general and their usefulness for policy analysis. The second and more specific issue concerns the taxonomy of intergovernmental grants and the limits of the current classifications.

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  • 19-février-2013

    Français

    Lutter contre l'érosion de la base d'imposition et le transfert de bénéfices

    L’érosion de la base d’imposition constitue un risque sérieux  pour les recettes, la souveraineté et l’équité fiscales pour de nombreux pays. S’il existe de nombreux phénomènes susceptibles d’entraîner une érosion des bases fiscales nationales, le transfert de bénéfices n’est pas l’un des moindres. Le présent rapport s’ouvre sur une description des études et des données publiquement accessibles concernant l’existence et l’ampleur de ce phénomène, il donne ensuite un aperçu des évolutions internationales qui ont un impact sur l’imposition des sociétés, et identifie les principes fondamentaux sur lesquels repose l’imposition des activités transnationales, ainsi que les possibilités d’érosion de la base d’imposition et de transfert de bénéfices auxquelles ils peuvent éventuellement donner lieu. Le rapport conclut que les règles actuelles permettent d’accroître la part des bénéfices associés à des montages juridiques et à des droits et obligations incorporels, et de transférer légalement les risques au sein des groupes, avec pour conséquence de réduire la part des bénéfices associés aux opérations substantielles. Le rapport recommande de développer un plan d’action pour s’attaquer de manière compréhensive au problème de l’érosion de la base d’imposition et du transfert de bénéfices.

     

  • 18-February-2013

    English

    G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting: Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

    The OECD continues its work to improve the effectiveness of automatic exchange of information as a compliance tool and to ensure that the information exchanged will remain secure and confidential, said Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General.

  • 18-février-2013

    Français

    Suppression electronique des ventes: une menace pour les recettes fiscales

    Ce rapport décrit les fonctions des systèmes de point de vente et les domaines spécifiques de risque pour les administrations fiscales. Il expose en détail les techniques de suppression des ventes électroniques qui ont été découverts et montre comment ces méthodes peuvent être détectées par les vérificateurs fiscaux et des enquêteurs.

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  • 12-février-2013

    Français

    L’OCDE plaide en faveur d’une intensification de la coopération internationale concernant la fiscalité des entreprises

    Des solutions coordonnées sont nécessaires pour faire en sorte que les systèmes fiscaux ne procurent pas des avantages indus aux entreprises multinationales, au détriment des citoyens et des petites entreprises beaucoup plus imposés.

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