The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 130 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing.
The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention.
The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. “Fishing expeditions” are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard.
All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction’s legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined – Phase 1 plus Phase 2 – reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.
G20 Finance Ministers, in their communique of February 2016, called upon the IMF, OECD, UN and World Bank Group to “recommend mechanisms to help ensure effective implementation of technical assistance programmes, and recommend how countries can contribute funding for tax projects and direct technical assistance, and report back with recommendations” at their July meeting.
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This report consists of two parts. Part I is a report by the OECD Secretary-General regarding (A) the OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project; (B) Tax transparency; (C) Tax policy tools to support sustainable and inclusive growth; and (D) Tax and development. Part II is an updated Progress Report to the G20 by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes.
My report to you for this meeting sets out three objective criteria to identify non-cooperative jurisdictions with respect to tax transparency: the implementation of the Exchange of Information on Request standard, the implementation of the Automatic Exchange of Information standard, and joining the multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters (multilateral Convention).
As policy-makers, we know that uncertainty negatively affects investment and consequently, productivity – putting the brakes on growth. It increases the cost of capital by raising the risk premium. Removing that uncertainty can be more important to investors than more obvious, headline issues such as the tax rate.
Today’s symposium provides an opportunity to consider the role tax policy can play to drive innovation, promote inclusive growth, and encourage trade and investment. Tax policy has been, and remains, a sovereign issue. But our discussion here demonstrates the reality of the 21st century: talent, capital, and even physical infrastructure is increasingly mobile, and value creation is changing.
Les pouvoirs publics devraient utiliser la politique fiscale pour soutenir des programmes économiques propres à stimuler la croissance tout en assurant une répartition plus uniforme de ses bénéfices au sein de la société, préconise un nouveau rapport de l'OCDE.
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In the context of the OECD’s New Approaches to Economic Challenges (NAEC) initiative, this paper seeks to re-assess the policy recommendations stemming from the 2008 Tax and Economic Growth report, which focused on the impact of taxes on economic growth from an efficiency perspective, to more explicitly take account of equity considerations.
Following a request of the Italian Minister of Economy and Finance Pier Carlo Padoan, the OECD has carried out a review of the organisational structure and institutional arrangements of Italy’s tax administration, with a focus on the Agenzia delle Entrate and the Agenzia delle Dogane e dei Monopoli. The review also highlights certain critical issues related to tax compliance and collection which emerged in the course of the work.
A seguito della richiesta del Ministro dell'Economia e delle Finanze Pier Carlo Padoan, il Centro per le Politiche Fiscali e Amministrative dell’OCSE ha condotto un'analisi della struttura organizzativa e degli accordi istituzionali dell'amministrazione fiscale italiana, con particolare riguardo all'Agenzia delle Entrate e all'Agenzia delle Dogane e dei Monopoli.