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The Centre for Tax Policy and Administration looks forward to welcoming you at their two COP21 side events on carbon pricing: 1) Effective Carbon Rates: Pricing CO2 through taxes and emissions trading; 2) Equity impacts of carbon pricing and subsidy removal.
Les représentants des ministères des finances de plusieurs pays africains se sont réunis sous les auspices de la Commission de l'Union africaine à Addis-Abeba les 25 et 26 novembre 2014 pour fixer le cadre de leur participation à la publication de leurs statistiques relatives aux recettes fiscales.
Les représentants des ministères des finances de plusieurs pays africains se sont réunis sous les auspices de la Commission de l'Union africaine pour fixer le cadre de leur participation à la publication de leurs statistiques relatives aux recettes fiscales.
Asian representatives from Ministries of Finance and Tax administrations gathered in Seoul, Korea on 14-15 October 2015 to discuss the framework for harmonising their revenue statistics.
Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) are important for their contribution to employment, innovation, economic growth and diversity. This report examines the tax treatment of SMEs, the case for SME preferences, and the use of tax preferences and simplification measures for SMEs in thirty-nine OECD and G20 countries. It finds that many of the tax systems examined provide incentives to incorporate and to distribute income in certain types of capital form. Ideally, taxes should be neutral with regard to the business decisions of SMEs, including decisions related to their creation, form and growth. However, certain features of the tax system may disproportionately affect SMEs, for example, the asymmetric treatment of profits and losses, a bias toward debt over corporate equity, and the higher fixed costs of tax and regulatory compliance for small businesses. This report recommends that measures designed to address these concerns be carefully targeted to affected firms and seek to avoid introducing further distortions and complexity.
SMEs form the vast majority of businesses in most countries and contribute strongly to employment and economic growth, but they face particular challenges, particularly as concerns access to finance. Governments have a range of policy levers, including tax policies, that can and should be used to support the growth and development of SMEs, according to a new OECD report.
Comparative information on a range of tax statistics that are levied in the 34 OECD member countries. Tax revenues, personal income taxes, corporate and capital income taxes, social security contributions, VAT and excise duties.
Revenue Statistics in Asian Countries is jointly undertaken by the OECD Centre for Tax Policy and Administration and the OECD Development Centre. It compiles comparable tax revenue statistics for Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Korea and Japan. The model is the OECD Revenue Statistics database which is a fundamental reference, backed by a well-established methodology, for OECD member countries. Extending the OECD methodology to Asian countries enables comparisons about tax levels and tax structures on a consistent basis, both among Asian economies and between OECD and Asian economies. The report also includes country notes for emerging Asian countries, which discuss key tax and fiscal policy challenges.
Concerns around potential losses of competitiveness as a result of unilateral action on carbon pricing are often central for policy makers contemplating the introduction of such instruments. This paper is a review of literature on ex post empirical evaluations of the impacts of carbon prices on indicators of competitiveness as employed in the literature, including employment, output or exports, at different levels of aggregation.
Proposals to increase environmentally related taxes are often challenged on competitiveness grounds. The concern is that value creation in certain sectors might decline domestically if a country introduces environmentally related taxes unilaterally. This paper provides evidence on the short-term competitiveness impacts of the German electricity tax introduced unilaterally in 1999.