Finland’s economy is highly industrialised. Yet with over one-third of its territory located above the Arctic Circle, the country is largely rural and sparsely populated, except for its southern tip. With its energy-intensive industries and its cold climate, Finland’s energy consumption per capita is the highest in the IEA. Finland is highly dependent on imported fossil fuels, and energy policy is at the heart of the government’s concerns. The government’s energy strategy aims to strengthen Finland’s energy security, to move progressively towards a decarbonised economy, and to deepen its integration in the wider European market. Finland has a very ambitious renewable energy programme, with a view to producing 38% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020. Finland is the most forested country in Europe; biomass will thus play a central role in meeting the target Finland is one of few IEA countries with plans to expand its nuclear capacity, and the Parliament has approved the construction of two more nuclear power plants. If all planned projects are completed, the share of electricity produced by nuclear could double by 2025, reaching around 60%. This would contribute to diversifying Finland’s energy security and meeting its low-carbon objectives. Also, Finland participates in the Baltic Energy Market Interconnection Plan (BEMIP), which aims to further regional integration through EU-supported infrastructure projects. This review analyses the energy policy challenges facing Finland, and provides sectoral studies and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.
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To achieve long-term sustainable growth and preserve the country’s comprehensive welfare state arrangements in the face of demographic ageing, Finland has to implement forcefully a series of structural reforms as presented in this brochure.
In his speech at the occasion of the Finnish Government's mid-term review, the Secretary-General praises high-quality human capital and a large degree of social cohesion as key assets of the Finnish economy. To reach its full economic potential the country should engage in structural reforms to remove unnecessary obstacles to competition and growth and raise the efficiency of public services.
The Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, was in Helsinki to deliver a keynote speech at the Finnish Government’s mid-term review. He presented the brochure “Finland - Fit for the Future”, suggesting a series of structural reforms Finland should undertake in order to achieve long-term sustainable growth and preserve the country’s comprehensive welfare state arrangements in the face of demographic ageing.
La Finlande déploie des efforts pour améliorer son système de coopération pour le développement, en recentrant son action et en faisant une large place aux droits de l’homme.
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Education at a Glance 2012: Key facts - Finland
Those in-depth studies of the health system of member countries focus on economic issues. They assess the performance of health systems in a comparative context, identify the main challenges faced by the country health system and put forward policy options to better meet them. Reviews are initiated at the request of the country to be examined and emphasis is placed on specific issues of key policy interest.
Le groupe de travail des Hauts responsables du budget (HRB) entreprend des examens nationaux des systèmes budgétaires.
Quelque 83 millions de personnes sont atteintes de diabète dans l’ensemble des pays de l’OCDE. Compte tenu des tendances actuellement observées, ce sont près de 100 millions de personnes qui seront touchées par cette maladie à l’horizon 2030.