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Many OECD governments are facing unprecedented challenges in the markets for bonds and bills, as a result of the explosive growth in their borrowing needs. Amidst an unusually uncertain economic outlook, the gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are expected to reach almost USD 12 trillion in 2009. The key policy issue is how to raise smoothly new funds at low cost, while also managing a rapidly growing debt stock. For the time
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Government debt issuance procedures and policies differ across OECD jurisdictions, in particular in terms of technical standards for selling techniques, primary dealer systems and other primary market arrangements. However, the increased integration of global financial markets (including the jump in the integration of European government debt markets since the introduction of the Euro) has been an important catalyst in the
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This article looks at the stages of crisis management and some of the different degrees of transparency on losses and risks in the US and Europe. It also compares alternative approaches to dealing with impaired assets used in the USA and Europe. Exposure to off-balance losses remains a key issue. Europe, surprisingly, has been and remains the major issuer of collateralised synthetic obligations that have been so prominent in the
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Government provision of a safety net for financial institutions has been a key element of the policy response to the current crisis. In the process, existing guarantees have been expanded and new ones introduced, including, in particular, in relation to bank liabilities. Among other things, such guarantees create costs that arise as a result of potential distortions of incentives and competition. To limit such distortions it is
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In the wake of a dramatic financial crisis and with the first waves of baby boomers approaching retirement we hardly need to think about how best arrive at the pension funds’ payout phase. This paper argues that there is a urgent need to raise retirement saving, to reduce defined contribution plan members’ exposure to investment risks and to provide the financial industry with cheap and safe payout instruments. These challenges are
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The OECD has been developing a response to the crisis that is holistic, looking atfinancial market issues, and the wide variety of factors that led to damaging incentive structures, as well as the requirements for broader macro and fiscal policies. The crisis has led to a variety of emergency financial measures such as loans, guarantees, and nationalisations. For financial markets, the focus is on exit strategies that are consistent
The IAIS-OECD issues paper on insurer corporate governance provides background on insurer corporate governance, describes practices and identifies possible regulatory and supervisory issues. Comments received were considered in the preparation of a final version of the issues paper.
Objectif croissance 2009 fait le point sur les progrès accomplis récemment dans la mise en œuvre des réformes ayant pour but d’améliorer la productivité du travail et l’utilisation des ressources en main-d’œuvre, et qui ont été identifiées comme prioritaires dans l’édition de 2008.
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The Report examines the experience of a number of financial institutions and concludes that the financial crisis can be to an important extent attributed to failures and weaknesses in corporate governance arrangements. The risk management systems have failed in many cases due to corporate governance procedures rather than technical problems. Remuneration systems have amplified such risk management weaknesses. The responsibility for
Les experts du FMI, de l’OCDE et de la Banque mondiale se sont réunis le 4 février à Paris pour échanger leurs points de vue et coordonner leurs réponses à la crise économique mondiale.