The effects of globalisation have been at the forefront of public debate in recent years, fuelled on the one hand by the large benefits of integrated markets, and on the other hand, by the detrimental adjustment effects often experienced by many economies as a result. Knowing how trade has been evolving over time and the role policy has played in this evolution are critical to understanding the globalisation debate and grasping the lessons for future policy development. The comparative advantage hypothesis has been suggested as one of the principal explanations of international trade and of the benefits associated with openness. It has also provided the intellectual underpinnings for most trade policy in the past 50 years. This book collects OECD work that builds on recent contributions to the theory and empirics of comparative advantage, putting particular emphasis on the role policy can play in shaping trade.
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This article underlines the need for long-term investors to finance growth and the need to create instruments better suited to their needs, particularly in the context of the recent regulatory changes.
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Although securitisation issuance has slumped in recent years with both the US and European markets having become increasingly dependent on central bank and government support, the securisation market is expected to recover over a long term horizon.
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This article explains the European Investment Bank Group’s role in creating a better environment for financing business, innovation and green growth and provides examples of ways that the financing of innovation can be improved against the backdrop of a flexible, business-oriented EU framework.<
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This article discusses selected issues regarding the impact of protracted periods of low interest rates on pension funds and insurance companies.
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Guarantees have become the preferred instrument for addressing financial policy objectives such as financial stability, consumer protection and credit allocations. Before adding on new arrangements, consideration should be given to their strength, consistency and affordability.
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Infrastructure investments could be the “perfect match” for a portion of pension savings. This article contends that link between the capital at hand and its accessibility for infrastructure investments needs to be improved.
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This article discusses how to mobilise more institutional equity into infrastructure. If the regulatory and investment framework is right, more institutional money can be invested in infrastructure to deliver the high levels of capital expenditure needed.
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The OECD Statistical Yearbook on African Central Government Debt provides comprehensive quantitative information on African central government debt instruments, including both marketable and non-marketable debt.
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Mobilising private sector funding is essential in bridging the infrastructure funding gap. Stable and accessible programmes of infrastructure projects and public-private partnerships (PPPs) are key in attracting private sector investors, complemented by adequate regulation.