Pension funds and annuity providers need to effectively manage the longevity risk they are exposed to. Individuals receiving a lifetime income may live longer than expected or accounted for in the actuarial calculations to provision for these liabilities. Mismanaged longevity risk can deteriorate finances, cause bankruptcy and expose individuals to the risk of losing their retirement income. To safeguard against this risk, pension funds and annuity providers must provision for future improvements in mortality and life expectancy. The regulatory framework can support the effective management of longevity risk.
This publication assesses how pension funds, annuity providers such as life insurance companies, and the regulatory framework account for future improvements in mortality and life expectancy. The study then examines the mortality tables commonly used by pension funds and annuity providers against several well-known mortality projection models with the purpose of assessing the potential shortfall in provisions. The final part of the publication identifies best practices and discusses the management of longevity risk, putting forward a set of policy options to encourage and facilitate the management of longevity risk.
This roadmap identifies elements of good design and public policy to assist countries to strengthen retirement income adequacy in an environment where pension benefits result from assets accumulated during working life.
English, PDF, 714kb
As requested by G20 leaders, this progress report on financial education provides updates on work by the OECD and its International Network on Financial Education (INFE) since the G20 summit in St Petersburg in 2013. The report was circulated to G20 Ministers of Finance and Central Banks Governors at their meeting in Cairns on 20-21 September 2014.
English, PDF, 342kb
This document contains the final version of the Effective Approaches as agreed by the G20/OECD Task Force on Institutional Investors and Long-term Financing. This report was submitted to the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors for consideration at their meeting in Cairns on 20-21 September 2014.
The Task Force supports the implementation of the G20 High-level Principles on Financial Consumer Protection, specifically to arm policy makers and financial authorities with a body of knowledge, including comparative analyses of approaches adopted by a cross-section of economies, to inform their efforts to implement the Principles in their economies.
English, PDF, 1,058kb
This report draws together information on specific factors affecting risk perceptions in Low Income Countries, including different parts of the project preparation and development cycle; identifies practical approaches and initiatives utilized successfully by organizations to mitigate risk, manage information asymmetry, directly address risk in investing in infrastructure in LICs, and change incentives in MDBs.
We are looking for new and interesting thinking on how policy options in the areas of competition, corporate governance, capital markets and financial services, international investment and foreign bribery can have an impact on our well-being as defined by the OECD's Better Life Initiative.
English, PDF, 450kb
Bank regulatory reform measures are expected to limit the value of implicit bank debt guarantees, even if not plainly targeting such values. These survey results, covering 35 countries, show that no single policy is considered capable of fully eliminating the market perception that bank debt is “special”. A mixture of different and complementary measures is seen to hold greater promise.
Ce rapport examine les six mécanismes de financement novateurs tels que définis par la Convention sur la diversité biologique (CDB). Il s’agit de la réforme fiscale environnementale, des paiements pour services écosystémiques, de la compensation des atteintes à la biodiversité, des marchés de produits verts, de la biodiversité dans le financement climatique, ainsi que de la biodiversité dans le financement international du développement. Cette publication, qui s’est inspirée de la littérature existante et de plus de 40 études de cas réalisées dans le monde entier, examine les questions suivantes : Quels sont ces mécanismes et comment fonctionnent-ils ? Quelles ressources financières ont-ils mobilisées et quelles sont les possibilités de les accroître ? Enfin, quelles sont les considérations clés de conception et de mise en oeuvre – y compris les mesures de sauvegarde environnementale et sociale – dont il faut tenir compte pour que les pouvoirs publics puissent garantir l’efficacité environnementale, l’efficience économique et l’équité redistributive de ces mécanismes ?
English, PDF, 395kb
Since the 1980s, OECD investment-saving correlations – as an inverse measure of economic openness – indicate a very wide disparity of openness between the OECD and emerging market economies (EMEs) with an absence of open markets in the latter. Given the increasing weight of EMEs in the world economy, this paper warns that this pattern of growth with disparity of openness is ultimately unsustainable.