English, PDF, 239kb
This article presents a brief overview of current financing difficulties for SMEs and policy measures to support SME lending during the crisis, and presents a literature review related to difficulties in SME’s access to finance during the crisis, against a background of a sharp decline in bank profitability and an erosion of bank capital that negatively affected lending.
Cette série a été conçue pour mettre à la disposition d’un public plus large certaines des études réalisées par le Département des Affaires économiques.
English, PDF, 648kb
This paper is aimed primarily at government officials who are involved in decision making over how to utilise climate finance in support of relevant national actions. It provides an overview of the large number of initiatives that have been implemented to assist developing countries manage their response to climate change, both through information provision and policy-relevant analysis.
English, PDF, 312kb
The main hallmarks of the global financial crisis were too-big-to-fail institutions taking on too much risk with other people’s money: excess leverage and default pressure resulting from contagion and counterparty risk. This paper looks at whether the Basel III reforms address these issues effectively and proposes improvements to the current reform proposals.
English, PDF, 114kb
This paper investigates whether countries that had controls on inflows in place prior to the crisis were less vulnerable during the global financial crisis. More generally, it examines economic growth effects of such controls over the entire economic cycle, finding that capital restrictions on inflows (particularly debt liabilities) may be useful in good times but may have adverse effects in a crisis.
English, PDF, 377kb
This paper looks at macro-prudential policies in the light of empirical evidence on the determinants of bank systemic risk, and the effectiveness of capital controls. It concludes that complexity and interdependence is such that care should be taken in implementing macro-prudential policies until much more is understood about these issues.
English, PDF, 317kb
The bank regulator's paradox is that large, complex and interconnected banks need very little capital in the good times, but they can never have enough in an extreme crisis. Separation is required to deal with this problem, which derives mainly from counterparty risk. This paper outlines the OECD’s separation proposal and also compares it to current national approaches to separation.
Sound debt management allows African policymakers to develop local-currency bond markets, integrate into a worldwide network of debt managers, and to enhance awareness of advances in Africa among policymakers, investors and others outside the continent.
This statistical yearbook provides quantitative information on African central government debt instruments. It includes individual country data but also comparative statistics to facilitate pan-African (cross-country) analysis.
Ce manuel a pour but de sensibiliser les vérificateurs fiscaux aux problématiques liées aux pots-de-vin et autres formes de corruption. Il donne des clés pour identifier les indicateurs de pots-de-vin ou autres formes de corruption éventuels lorsqu’ils effectuent régulièrement des contrôles et vérifications fiscales.