The United States can further improve productivity in its economy by prioritizing reforms that enhance openness, diversity and competition in services markets, particularly where higher trade restrictions are observed.
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Analysis for the United States (US) from OECD trade facilitation indicators that identify areas where countries can improve border procedures, reduce trade costs, boost trade flows and reap greater benefits from international trade.
Talks to free up more trade and investment between the European Union and the United States got under way early in 2013. A good agreement in 2014 would be a positive thing, and not just for the EU and the US.
Export restrictions on raw materials are applied to achieve a number of policy objectives. However, they can have a significant and negative impact on the efficient allocation of resources, international trade, and the competitiveness and development of industries in both exporting and importing countries.
By diverting exports to domestic markets, export restrictions raise prices for foreign consumers and importers. At the same time, by reducing domestic prices in the applying countries and increasing global uncertainty concerning future prices, export restrictions negatively affect investment, thus potentially reducing the overall supply of raw materials in the long term. In view of existing alternative policy tools that have a different impact on trade, the effectiveness of export restrictions to achieve stated policy objectives should be carefully reviewed.
This publication presents a selection of papers discussed at the OECD Workshop on Raw Materials, held in Paris in October 2009. This workshop was organised in response to the growing concern on the use of export restrictions on raw materials, particularly by emerging economies.
Le Sécrétaire-général M. Gurría a souligné la nécessité de s'accorder sur des objectifs internationaux communs dans des domaines tels que l'innovation et la croissance verte prédisant qu'"ils pourraient devenir l'axe majeur pour l'élaboration du volet structurel du Cadre du G20".
Le Secrétaire général de l’OCDE, M. Angel Gurría, a déclaré que les nouvelles sources d’emploi et de croissance indispensables à une reprise soutenue de l’économie mondiale ne se concrétiseront que si les grandes économies de la planète mettent en place les politiques structurelles adéquates.
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Regulatory reform has emerged as an important policy area in OECD and non-OECD countries. This report was prepared in the framework of the Regulatory Reform review of the United States in 1999. It also includes the country-specific policy recomme...