The OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.
Les États-Unis ont maintenu au même niveau le volume de leur aide étrangère depuis la crise économique mondiale et ils ont manifestement amélioré la concentration et l’efficacité de leur aide au développement. Ces tendances devraient se poursuivre et les réformes relatives à USAID (US Agency for International Development) devraient être consolidées, selon le dernier examen de l’OCDE.
The US food and agriculture sector is innovative, competitive and export-oriented. Changes in national and global demand offer further opportunities for US agri-food products, although climate change and other resource constraints could create additional challenges, in particular in some regions. Maintaining high productivity growth, while improving the sustainable use of resources will require further innovation. In a policy environment generally favourable to investment and innovation, the strong US agricultural innovation system is expected to continue to create innovations that will be widely adopted, to the extent that these can be widely accepted.
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The OECD Development Centre will present the 2012 Social Institutions and Gender Index at UN Women in New York on 5 July. The event will be hosted by the UN Women Research and Data Section and chaired by Michelle Bachelet, Executive Director of UN Women.