These country notes contain indicators which compare the political and institutional frameworks of national governments as well as revenues and expenditures, employment, and compensation. They include a description of government policies on integrity, e-government and open government.
This review of Estonia’s energy policies analyses the energy policy challenges and opportunities facing Estonia, and provides critiques and recommendations for future policy improvements. It finds that Estonia is actively seeking to reduce the intensity of its energy system. Many of these efforts are focused on oil shale, which the country has been using for almost a century and which meets 70% of its energy demand. While it provides a large degree of energy security, oil shale is highly carbon-intensive.
The government is seeking to lessen the negative environmental impact by phasing out old power plants and developing new technologies to reduce significantly CO2 emissions.
The efforts on oil shale complement Estonia’s solid track record of modernising its overall energy system. Since restoring its independence in 1991, Estonia has fully liberalised its electricity and gas markets and attained most national energy policy targets and commitments for 2020. It has also started preparing its energy strategy to 2030, with an outlook to 2050. Estonia is also promoting energy market integration with neighbouring EU member states.
We have 9 countries here today who are signing the Multilateral Convention, 2 countries who are signing a letter of intent to sign the Convention and 6 who are depositing instruments of ratification, said Angel Gurría.
Douze nouveaux pays viennent de signer, ou se sont engagés à signer, la Convention concernant l'assistance administrative mutuelle en matière fiscale élaborée par l'OCDE, témoignant ainsi des efforts déployés au niveau international pour lutter contre la délinquance fiscale. En outre, six autres pays ont ratifié la Convention.
L’Estonie a enregistré une reprise marquée après la crise économique mondiale, mais depuis, la croissance y a ralenti, mettant en lumière la nécessité de poursuivre des réformes propres à réduire les expositions aux chocs externes et à empêcher l’avènement de futurs cycles d’expansion/récession, selon la dernière Étude économique de l’Estonie publiée par l'OCDE.
OECD Secretary-General addresses how Estonia can become more resilient to external shocks and achieve even stronger, more sustainable and inclusive growth at the official launch of the latest OECD Economic Survey of Estonia.
The Secretary-General will present in Tallinn the OECD Economic Review of Estonia, at a joint press Conference with Mr. Andrus Ansip, Prime Minister of Estonia.
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Whereas expenditure on education and expenditure per student increased significantly between 2000 and 2009, Estonia has seen the largest drop in education funding since the global recession, compared to other OECD countries.
Le groupe de travail des Hauts responsables du budget (HRB) entreprend des examens nationaux des systèmes budgétaires.